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Tereshchenko T.S. Images of black people in the art of Antiquity

Published in journal "Philosophy and Culture", 2016-5 in rubric "The history of humanitarian science", pages 707-714.

Resume: The subject of this research is the images of black people in the art of Antiquity, and the object is the compositions of antique art (vase painting, sculpture, small statuary). The author carefully examines the key components of interpretation of the images of black people: characteristic peculiarities of their appearance, plots and roles in which they are portrayed; types of art compositions in which they exist; their transformation within time. The article also thoroughly analyzes the versions of interpretation of their semiotics, determines the general trends in interpretations of the images of black people that are common to different historical eras and types of arts. Scientific novelty consists in the comprehensive analysis of the images of black people in the context of general cultural and general historical transformation, with attraction of English, German, and French scientific sources, as well as in detection of their common and universal characteristics. The author makes the following conclusions: An absolutely unique role of black people in the art of Antiquity: they were the only kind of Others, whose images existed not only in vase painting, but also in small statuary, jewelry art, and numismatics; they existed in the Greek art of all times: Antiquity, Classics, Hellenism, as well as they were portrayed as warriors, servants, or associated with theatre, rituals, and witchcraft; Complexity and ambiguity of the interpretation of semiotics of their images; An ultimate stability of the scheme of representation of black people which outlived the Antiquity.

Keywords: Otherness, vase painting, Ancient Greek art, art of Antiquity, black people, Other, images of the Other, figure vessels, Roman art, applied art

DOI: 10.7256/1999-2793.2016.5.14820

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