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Volkov D.B. The problem of mental causation: review of the newest researches

Published in journal "Philosophy and Culture", 2016-5 in rubric "Picture of the world in natural science", pages 673-682.

Resume: The subject of this research is the modern analytical philosophy and the problem of mental causation in particular. This problem consists in combination of persuasion in the causal closedness of the world with the idea that mental conditions are causally effective. The problem of mental causation is tradition in the history of philosophy; it has been raised even back within the framework of dualistic ideas of Descartes. The modern analytical philosophers have made a significant contribution into its solution. The author also examines the solutions for the problem of mental causation in the context of local interactionism, emergentism, and teleofunctionalism proposed by Russian and foreign philosophers. Scientific novelty consists in the fact that the author explores the most contemporary approaches towards solution of the problem of mental causation, which yet have never been thoroughly examined within the Russian or foreign history of philosophy. The author also presents a new argument for criticism of the local interactionism, as well as his own interpretation of the teleofunctional solution of the problem of mental causation.

Keywords: Mental, Over-determination, Emergentism, Argument of causal trajectories, Teleofunctionalism, Supervenience, Psycho-physical problem, Causal closure, Local interactionism, Mental causation

DOI: 10.7256/1999-2793.2016.5.17776

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