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Belousova N.O. The issue of enslavement of men by universal within dystopian genre

Published in journal "Philosophy and Culture", 2016-3 in rubric "Connection of times", pages 337-340.

Resume: The object of this article is the problem of correlation between universal and individual on the example of dystopian novels emerged within the framework of cultural modernity. Special attention is given to the interpretation of the stated topic through the problem of controversy of the social progress, which is evident in almost all dystopias. The author thoroughly examines such aspects of the topic as rejection of identity and freedom, individuality and independence, in subordination to the sacral Universal. The main conclusions of the conducted research consist in the ideas that social happiness and welfare society within the reality of dystopia is achieved via deindividuation of identity, and devaluing it to atom, just a bolt in the mass social organism. The author demonstrates that the absence of social harmony, its tilt towards universal to the detriment of individual, originates in dystopias antagonism as a revolt of an individual leading to destruction in its various forms.

Keywords: Individualization, Anthropological catastrophe, Depersonification, Freedom, Dystopia, Individuality, Universality, Unification, Totality, Social harmony

DOI: 10.7256/1999-2793.2016.3.17996

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