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Lokhmanov D.V., Lapina M.A., Karpukhin D.V. Practice of administrative and criminal offences consideration by the European Court of Human Rights as a potential factor of the national criminal and administrative punishments optimization 

Published in journal "Police activity", 2016-3 in rubric "Administrative activity of the police", pages 269-280.

Resume: The research subject is the complex study of the practice of consideration of administrative and criminal offences by the European Court of Human Rights in the context of its potential impact on the optimization of the national criminal and administrative punishments. Special attention is paid to the analysis of the possible ways of decriminalization of criminal sanctions in the decisions of the ECHR using the example of the case of Engel, and the necessity to take into consideration the national administrative and criminal law system classifying illegal actions on the base of the principle of their social danger. The research methodology comprises the modern achievements in epistemology. The author applies general scientific and theoretical methods (dialectics, the system method, analysis, synthesis, analogy, deduction, observation, modeling), traditional legal methods (formal logical), and the methods of specific sociological studies (statistical, expert assessments, etc.), and the comparative method. The author concludes that at present, in order to effectively optimize criminal and legal sanctions in the sphere of finance, it is necessary to apply the complex approach based on the practice of the European Court of Human Rights and the established doctrinal provisions about legal liability in the national system of law. The author offers to use the practice of the European Court of Human Rights, particularly the case of Engel, for improving the system of criminal and administrative sanctions established by the Russian legislation. The study is based on the results of the research funded by the agreement in the sphere of scientific research of the Financial University for 2015; the author uses the ConsultantPlus System. 

Keywords: practice , analysis, improvement, precedent , administrative prejudice , economy, fine , sphere, legislation, sanction

DOI: 10.7256/2222-1964.2016.3.16690

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