'Elections to the First State Duma: the Experience and Lessons of the Election Campaign of the Nizhny Novgorod Political Parties in 19051906' History magazine: researches nbpublish.com
Eng Cn Translate this page:
Please select your language to translate the article


You can just close the window to don't translate
Library
Your profile

Medvedeva T.A. Elections to the First State Duma: the Experience and Lessons of the Election Campaign of the Nizhny Novgorod Political Parties in 19051906

Published in journal "History magazine: researches", 2016-2 in rubric "History of state and law", pages 200-210.

Resume: A significant feature of the development of Russia into a modern state is its democratic parliamentary traditions, which in 2016 have crossed the 110-year milestone. The aim of this article is to study the experience and lessons of the election campaign of the political parties in Nizhny Novgorod during the elections to the First State Duma. The article presents a brief description of the leading political parties of the Nizhny Novgorod governorate and reveals the difficulties they faced during this election campaign, including: the necessity of conducting a propaganda campaign under the conditions of the Russian Revolution and the limited freedom of opposition parties. Additionally, all parties simultaneously had to address the issues of party formation and to organise election campaigns. During the course of the election campaign in Nizhny Novgorod, the parties used traditional forms and methods of election technologies newspaper articles, brochures, proclamations, leaflets, meetings with voters , as well as unconventional methods from the use of administrative resources to manipulating ballots. A particular means of participating in the election struggle was demonstrated by the Nizhny Novgorod electorate through protest behaviour. In Nizhny Novgorod the Constitutional-Democratic Party won a landslide victory. A certain role in this victory was due to the agitators active participation, the party's more attractive program for the majority of the population, its variety of forms in working with the electorate, and the absence in the party elections of the Socialist-Revolutionaries and the Social-Democratic parties. But the more momentous contribution to the outcome of the election campaign was due to the presence in Russia of a huge body of protest electorate, which expressed its negative attitude towards the Russian government's policy by voting for the most oppositional party.

Keywords: parliament, election campaign, elections, political parties, electorate, Constitutional-Democratic Party, opposition party, election technologies, revolution, State Duma

DOI: 10.7256/2222-1972.2016.2.17899

This article can be downloaded freely in PDF format for reading. Download article

Bibliography:
Tavricheskie chteniya 2013. Aktual'nye problemy parlamentarizma: istoriya i sovremennost'. Mezhdunarodnaya nauchnaya konferentsiya, Sankt-Peterburg, Tavricheskiy dvorets, 112 dekabrya 2013 g. Sbornik nauchnykh statey. V 2-kh chastyakh. Ch. 2. / Pod red. A. B. Nikolaeva. SPb.: ElekSis, 2014. 180 s.
Politicheskie partii Rossii. Konets XIXpervaya tret' XX veka. Entsiklopediya. M.: ROSSPEN, 1996. 872 s.
Seleznev F. A. Konstitutsionnye demokraty i burzhuaziya (19051917). Nizhniy Novgorod: Izdatel'stvo Nizhegorodskogo gosuniversiteta, 2006. 228 s.
Tavricheskie chteniya 2013. Aktual'nye problemy parlamentarizma: istoriya i sovremennost'. Mezhdunarodnaya nauchnaya konferentsiya, Sankt-Peterburg, Tavricheskiy dvorets, 112 dekabrya 2013 g. Sbornik nauchnykh statey. V 2-kh chastyakh. Ch. 1. / Pod red. A. B. Nikolaeva. SPb.: ElekSis, 2014. 360 s.
Nizhegorodskiy listok. 1906. 1,11 aprelya.
Volgar'. 1906. 1, 18 aprelya.
Volgar'. 1906. 31 marta.
Obshchestvenno-politicheskie protsessy, partii i dvizheniya v Nizhegorodskoy gubernii v kontse XIXnachale XX vv. Uchebnoe posobie v 2 tomakh. Tom I. /Pod red. G. V. Nabatova. Nizhniy Novgorod: Izdatel'stvo Nizhegorodskogo gosuniversiteta, 2001. 262 s.
Obshchestvenno-politicheskie protsessy, partii i dvizheniya v Nizhegorodskoy gubernii v kontse XIXnachale XX vv. Uchebnoe posobie v 2 tomakh. Tom II. /Pod red. G. V. Nabatova. Nizhniy Novgorod: Izdatel'stvo Nizhegorodskogo gosuniversiteta, 2001. 366 s.
Volgar'. 1906. 21 marta.
Nizhegorodskiy listok. 1906. 13 marta.
Nizhegorodskiy listok. 1906. 23 fevralya.
Volgar'. 1906. 5 marta.
Volgar'. 1906. 18 marta.
Volgar'. 1906. 27, 28 marta.
Listok Nizhegorodskoy gruppy Partii Narodnoy Svobody. 1906. 16 aprelya.
Nizhegorodskiy listok. 1906. 21 marta.
Nizhegorodskaya gazeta. 1906. 19 aprelya.
Nizhegorodskiy listok. 1906. 21 fevralya.
Nizhegorodskiy listok. 1906. 11 yanvarya.
Nizhegorodskiy listok. 1906. 28 yanvarya.
Nizhegorodskiy listok. 1906. 1 yanvarya.
Volgar'. 1906. 20, 28, 29, 30 marta.
Volgar'. 1906. 20 fevralya.
Nizhegorodskiy listok. 1905. 28 dekabrya.
Nizhegorodskiy listok. 1906. 5 fevralya.
Nizhegorodskiy listok. 1906. 29 marta.
Medvedeva T. A. Iz opyta vedeniya politicheskimi partiyami predvybornoy kampanii v I Gosudarstvennuyu Dumu. // Materialy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii Sto let rossiyskogo parlamentarizma: istoriya i sovremennost', 7 aprelya 2006 g. / Pod red. G. V. Nabatova. Nizhniy Novgorod: Izdatel'stvo Nizhegorodskogo gosuniversiteta, 2006. S. 148155.
Nizhegorodskiy listok. 1906. 12 marta.
Seleznev F. A. Istoriya vyborov v Rossii s drevneyshikh vremen do kontsa KhKh v. (na primere Nizhegorodskogo kraya). Uchebnoe posobie. Nizhniy Novgorod: Izdatel'stvo Nizhegorodskogo gosuniversiteta, 2012. 104 s.
Nizhegorodskiy listok. 1906. 15,16,18 marta.
Obrashchenie Soyuza 17-go Oktyabrya k krest'yanam s raz'yasneniem tseley i zadach Gosudarstvennoy dumy. // Obshchestvenno-politicheskie protsessy, partii i dvizheniya v Nizhegorodskoy gubernii v kontse XIXnachale XX vv. Uchebnoe posobie v 2 tomakh. Tom II. / Pod red. G. V. Nabatova. Nizhniy Novgorod: Izdatel'stvo Nizhegorodskogo gosuniversiteta, 2001. S.320324.
Volgar'. 1906. 16 marta.
Volgar'. 1906. 25 marta.
Volgar'. 1906. 21 fevralya.
Volgar'. 1906. 22 yanvarya.
Volgar'. 1906. 7 yanvarya.
Nizhegorodskiy listok. 1906. 15 yanvarya.
Nizhegorodskiy listok. 1905. 22 dekabrya.
Nizhegorodskiy listok. 1906. 26, 28 yanvarya; 4, 22 fevralya.
Volgar'. 1906. 6, 17 fevralya.
Nizhegorodskiy listok. 1906. 2 fevralya.
Nizhegorodskiy listok. 1905. 18 dekabrya.
Nizhegorodskiy listok. 1906. 8, 26 yanvarya.
Volgar'. 1906. 16 yanvarya.
Nizhegorodskiy listok. 1906. 30 yanvarya.
Marchenko M. A. Kratkiy obzor dokumentov i literatury GU GOPANO po vyboram v I Gosudarstvennuyu Dumu. // Materialy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii Sto let rossiyskogo parlamentarizma: istoriya i sovremennost', 7 aprelya 2006 g. / Pod red. G. V. Nabatova. Nizhniy Novgorod: Izdatel'stvo Nizhegorodskogo gosuniversiteta, 2006. S. 418422.
Istoriya Rossii. KhKh vek. Uchebnoe posobie dlya studentov. / Pod red. V. P. Dmitrenko. M.: AST, 1996. 607 s.
Politicheskaya istoriya: Rossiya SSSR Rossiyskaya Federatsiya. V 2 t. T.I. / Pod red. S. V. Kuleshova. M.: TERRA, 1996. 656 s.
Selunskaya N.B. Mekhanizm formirovaniya politicheskikh predstavleniy vyborshchikov v Rossii v nachale KhKh v. // Sotsiodinamika. - 2013. - 5. - C. 190 - 220. DOI: 10.7256/2409-7144.2013.5.654. URL: http://www.e-notabene.ru/pr/article_654.html
Movsesyan M. Vybory v Gosudarstvennuyu Dumu RF kak faktor stanovleniya i razvitiya politicheskoy sistemy v sovremennoy Rossii // Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya. - 2014. - 4. - C. 530 - 539. DOI: 10.7256/2305-560X.2014.4.13179.

Correct link to this article:
just copy this link to clipboard