'Deliberative model of bioethics: humanitarian convergence or social technique for the liberal communities? ' Philosophy and Culture nbpublish.com
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Lanovskiy M.F. Deliberative model of bioethics: humanitarian convergence or social technique for the liberal communities?

Published in journal "Philosophy and Culture", 2016-2 in rubric "Characteristics of society", pages 236-244.

Resume: This article is dedicated to the examination of the modern bioethics from the perspective of its methodology and public practice. The author briefly describes the history of emergence of bioethics and gives characteristic to its current state. Initially, bioethics was forming as an area of knowledge tightly linked to the academic philosophy, philosophy of medicine and natural science, and in addition to that based on the practices of discussion. However, in the last two decades bioethics is substantially growing under the influence of new actors socio-political and economic structures. The discussion processes become a dominant way of solution of the acute problems of biomedicine, being realized among broadest audience. The author illustrates how the socio-political procedure of deliberation becomes a methodology of the modern bioethics and supersedes its philosophical concept. At the same time, two modi of deliberation established within the socio-political sphere, are suggested for the interpretation of the processes in the modern bioethics: democratic deliberation and authoritarian deliberation. The author demonstrates what flaws are hidden in the democratic deliberation and the ideology of consensus, promoted in bioethics.

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DOI: 10.7256/1999-2793.2016.2.17219

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