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Shcherbinin M.N. Russian philosophy in the determination of aesthetic anthropology

Published in journal "Philosophy and Culture", 2016-1 in rubric "Philosophical anthropology", pages 97-107.

Resume: This article is dedicated to the determination of the aesthetic anthropology as a specific philosophical direction, which most vividly asserted itself over the last 15 years. The object of this research is the space of the aesthetic-anthropological search, which was formed namely in Russia, based on the local cultural traditions. The subject is the specificity and regularity of the Russian “footprint” in the nature of such type of anthropology, which takes its roots in the depth of aesthetic experience. The author thoroughly examines this regularity, which is traced not only in the very ideas of the Russian philosophers over the last two centuries, but also in the peculiarities of the ethic and aesthetic “beginning” in the Russian art, first and foremost in the Russian literature. It is demonstrated that aesthetic anthropology owes its name and origin to Russian literature (N. V. Gogol) and Russian philosophy (V. V. Zenkovsky). The specific aesthetic-anthropological methods are the following: allegory, embodiment, creative intuition, principle of reflectiveness of self-consciousness, “exponentiation”, anticipation, self-discovery through creativity and adventure, and others. Among the main conclusions are the following substantiations: the philosophical theoretical synthesis, carried out in the form of aesthetic philosophy, required a lengthy preparation of the Russian philosophy and art culture; such platform became the synthesis of feelings, emotions, experience, thoughts, and actions, as well as the “axiological synthesis” of the most fundamental values of the Russian culture. The author suggests a quite deep insight into the Russian philosophical humanology, and justifies a thesis on the limitation of self-consciousness within the framework of a pure logical synthesis of mind. It is demonstrates that the Russian philosophy appeals to the prepared and inspired reason, that represents the pinnacle, but at the same time is in need of truths of moral and ethical culture.

Keywords: Paphos, human essence, self-cognition, beauty, Sofia, beauty, axiological synthesis, vague knowledge, Logos, creative thought

DOI: 10.7256/1999-2793.2016.1.16832

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