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Matuzov N.I. Human and citizen obligations as an essential part of democracy and social stability

Published in journal "Law and Politics", 2016-1 in rubric "Theory", pages 15-27.

Resume: The subject of this research is the issue of correlation of human rights and obligations, in particular, the excessive elevation of the former and demotion of the latter, as well as the causes for this disproportion, its negative consequences, its origin and ways of overcoming it. The author conducts the historical analysis of the development of the institution of obligations. In the context of this topic, the subject of the analysis became the current Constitution of the Russian Federation, its flaws, especially in setting the obligations of citizens, as well as the state, its branches of government, and state officials. Attention is also given to the international experience pertaining to human and citizen obligations and realization thereof. The scientific novelty consists in the fact that this work substantiates the need to eliminate the disproportion between the human rights and obligations, and demonstrates that the responsibilities represent an integral part of democracy, as well as the condition of social stability and public order, and that obligations have as significant social value as the rights. The author proposes that the Constitution of the Russian Federation would emphasize the section on the obligations of citizens, as well as the government, its branches, and officials.

Keywords: Rights, Obligations, Responsibility, Freedom, Culture, Democracy, Law, Constitution, Authority, Policy

DOI: 10.7256/1811-9018.2016.1.15909

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