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Karyakin V.V. Definition and paradigms of geopolitical studies

Published in journal "Conflict Studies / nota bene", 2015-4 in rubric "Theory, history and methodology of conflict resolution", pages 382-394.

Resume: This article focuses on the modern definition of and paradigms of geopolitical studies that reflect the multidimensional nature of the geopolitical space in the era of globalization. The goal of this article is to form the concepts of the paradigm basis of modern political science studies, and on the subject field and the borders of political science. The subject of this study are the definitions and paradigms of the modern political science studies. It is shown that the definition of paradigm is the communicative basis of scientific work, and involves the usage of mental constructs of the perception of reality, forming the foundation of the scientific society's self-organization. The methodological basis of the research is a systemic, structural and functional, comparative political approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation. The article considers the system transformation of the geopolitical definitions, provides the definition for this transformation that is appropriate for modern realities. The author presents a system of geopolitical paradigms that reflects global political processes. The author also indicates the connection between the system of paradigms and the "wave" evolution theory of geopolitical thought. In conclusion of the study, the author formulates the most general paradigm of modern geopolitics.

Keywords: geopolitical definition, interests, diplomacy, international relations, global insecurity, world politics, Russia, geopolitics, security, geopolitical paradigms

DOI: 10.7256/2409-8965.2015.4.17442

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