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Chvyakin V.A. The theory of adaptive and psychological capacities of a person in extreme circumstances as an object of public regulation

Published in journal "Police activity", 2015-6 in rubric "The police and issues of the fight against terror and extremism", pages 460-468.

Resume: The subject of the study is the range of legal and organizational problems of legal regulation of psychological safety of a person in extreme circumstances. The author carries out the theoretical and legal analysis of the concepts of legal regulation of psychological capacities of a person in extreme circumstances as an object of public regulation. The article demonstrates the author’s positions on the theory of adaptive and psychological capacities of a person. The main attention is paid to the development of methods and methodology of adaptive and psychological capacities of a person in extreme circumstances as an object of public regulation. The author carries out the theoretical and legal analysis of the concepts of development of law in extreme circumstances. The methodology of the research comprises the recent achievements of epistemology. The author applies general philosophical and theoretical methods (dialectics, the systems method, analysis, synthesis, analogy, deduction, observation, modeling), traditional legal methods (formal logical) and the methods used in special sociological research (statistical methods, expert assessments, etc.). The author concludes that the development and the formation of the psychology of personal safety is the vital function of a person. Fundamental determination of vital functions of a person is based on his socio-biological nature. The aspiration of a person to narrow the area of danger is determined by the psychological factors which are comprehended as an incentive (reason, aim) which stimulates the person to act. In this case the motivation of safety presupposes the formation of a plan of actions, which are aimed at the implementation of the purpose contained in the motivation. Here we are dealing with a complex succession of adaptive response, the system of actions determined by the needs and guidelines of a person. Apparently, partially, it is a purpot of life as a social phenomenon with a biological basis – self-preservation and the inherent worth of life. 

Keywords: personality factor, danger zone, catastrophe, emergency, Accident, Prevention, Person, Psychology, Safety, Determination

DOI: 10.7256/2222-1964.2015.6.17078

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