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Karpov V.A. The Constitutional Model of Reinforcement of the Rule-of-Law State Principle in Relation to the Basic Concepts of Legal Consciousness

Published in journal "Politics and Society", 2015-8 in rubric "Legal state", pages 1008-1013.

Resume: The subject of the study in the present article is the research on the model of reinforcement of the rule-of-law principle in the 1993 Constitution of the Russian Federation in the context of the interrelation of this model with the basic concepts of legal consciousness - positivist and libertarian-juristic. The author justifies different understandings of the rule-of-law state within the framework of each of these concepts of legal consciousness, in connection with critical distinctions in the views of the supporters of these concepts on the correlation between the state and the law. At that, the article examines historical aspects of choosing the model of reinforcement of the rule-of-law state in the constitutional projects in the early 1990s, analyses transformation of the idea of the rule-of-law state from a draft to the regulatory reinforcement within another legal concept. Methodologically the research is based on the dialectic method, as well as general scientific (logical, ascension from abstract to particular, etc,) and particular scientific (comparative legal studies, systems-structural analysis, interpretation of law, etc.) methods. The final constitutional model of reinforcement of the rule-of-law state is based on the principle of legitimacy, strict compliance with the Constitution and laws, regardless of subjective evaluation of a certain person. Only this approach complies with the aims of establishing stable public order and creating real - not declared - guarantees of rights and freedoms.

Keywords: rule-of-law state, rule-of-law statehood, concepts of legal consciousness, legal positivism , libertarian-juristic concept of legal consciousnes, rule of law, legitimacy, constitution, freedom, equality

DOI: 10.7256/1812-8696.2015.8.16130

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