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Iliy S.K. Administrative offences of corruption character

Published in journal "Administrative and municipal law", 2015-5 in rubric "Liability in administrative and municipal law", pages 460-468.

Resume: The article considers the problems of administrative responsibility for corruption. The legislation of the Russian Federation in the sphere of administrative offences is one of the key elements in the mechanism of combating corruption. As an administrative offence of corruption character the author understands the action (inaction) of an individual person or a legal entity committed intentionally or due to carelessness with the use of official standing and deviation from rights and duties. In order to reveal corruption crimes in the Code of Administrative Offences of the Russian Federation it is supposed to proceed from the presence of: elements of bribery (article 5.16. Bribery of Voters or Participants of a Referendum, article 19.28. Unlawful Remuneration on Behalf of a Legal Entity); use of official standing (Taking Advantage of an Individual's Office or Official Position During an Election Campaign or a Referendum Campaign); violations of norms providing law and order of public management and, among others, aimed at combating corruption (article 19.29. Unlawful Engaging in Labour Activities or in Carrying Out Works and Rendering Services of a State or Municipal Civil Servant or a Former Civil Servant or Municipal Employee). On the basis of these criteria at least 11 articles of the Code should be rated as corruption offences. The author uses the logical and the statistical methods of research, studies analytical documents of the Prosecutor General’s Office of the Russian Federation, materials of judicial practice. The author offers the definition of administrative offences of corruption character and their list. The article considers some problems appearing in law enforcement practice in the process of qualification of administrative offences specified in art. 19.28, 19.29 of the Code. The author concludes: 1) Elaboration and normative establishing of a range of articles of the Code of Administrative Offences providing the responsibility for corruption offences is urgent; 2) It is reasonable to state article 19.28. in the version which provides not only the responsibilities of legal entities, but also the responsibility of individuals working as entrepreneurs without registration of a legal entity; 3) The possibility should be stipulated to condone the legal entities which actively assist the investigation in case of extortion of a bribe by an official, or if a legal person reported a crime after bribery to the official body: 4) It is necessary to amend the Code of Administrative Offences with the new corpora delicti of administrative offences of corruption character which should provide administrative responsibility for protectionism, intentional provision of unauthentic information about revenue and expenses, entrepreneurship of a public servant, inaction in case of conflict of interest, etc.  

Keywords: corruption, administrative offences of corruption character, administrative responsibility, types of corruption offences, enhancement of anticorruption legislation, enhancement of administrative legislation, statistical data, corruption offence, definition of corruption offence, qualification of administration offences

DOI: 10.7256/1999-2807.2015.5.12588

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