Ðóñ Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 1928,   Articles in work: 328 Declined articles: 650 
Library

Pris' I.E. About the Explanatory Gap Problem in the Philosophy of Mind

Published in journal "Philosophy and Culture", 2015-3 in rubric "Phenomenology", pages 421-429.

Resume: The paper introduces
the explanatory gap problem
 in the philosophy of mind. A review of the mainapproaches to the problem shows that the traditional materialism/physicalism encounters the principaldifficulties.
The article introduces the explanatory gap problem gap in the philosophy of mind. The author provides a brief review of the main approaches to the problem. The author focuses on attempts to overcome physical approaches, on the one hand, and critics of dualism, on the other hand. For example, Blok offered the definition of implicit physical phenomenal concepts. Papineau admitted that phenomenal concepts had a singular nature. Levin spoke of the concept of acquaintance. Varela offered to extend the scope of the traditional science and developed so called neuro-phenomenology. The research is based on the method of comparison of the main approaches to solving the explanatory gap problem. Preference is given to phenomenal realism. The author demonstrates that the traditional materialism/physicalism encounters the principal difficulties when solving the explanatory gap problem. At the same time, property dualism is an essential concept only a non-metaphysical version of naturalistic phenomenal realism, or nontraditional contextual naturalism/physicalism of Wittgenstein type may compete with. 

Keywords: explanatory gap problem, hard problem, psycho-physical identities, physico-physical identities, phenomenal concepts, conceptual dualism, phenomenal realism, physicalism, property dualism, neuro-phenomenology

DOI: 10.7256/1999-2793.2015.3.10930

This article can be downloaded freely in PDF format for reading. Download article

Bibliography:
Peacocke C. Phenomenology and nonconceptual content // Philosophy and Phenomenological Research. 2001. 62. C. 609-615.
Papineau D. What Exactly is the Explanatory Gap? // Philosophia. 2011. 39 (1). C. 5-19.
Papineau D. Phenomenal Concepts are not Demonstrative // In MM McCabe and M Textor (eds) Perspectives on Perception. 2007.
Papineau D. Phenomenal and perceptual concepts // In (T. Alter & S. Walter, eds) Phenomenal Concepts and Phenomenal Knowledge: Essays on Consciousness and Physicalism. Oxford University Press. 2006.
Papineau D. Thinking about Consciousness. Oxford University Press, 2002.
Papineau D. Philosophical Naturalism. Basil Blackwell, 1993.
Nagel T. The psychophysical nexus // New Essays on the A Priori, Paul Boghossian and Christopher Peacocke, eds. Oxford, Clarendon Press, 2000.
Nagel T. What is it like to be a bat? // Philosophical Review, 1974. 4. S. 435-50.
McGinn C. Can we solve the mind-body problem? // Mind, 1989. 98. C. 349-66.
McLaughlin B. P. A naturalist-phenomenal realist response to Block's harder problem // Philosophical Issues, 2003. 13. C. 163-204.
Loar B. Transparent experience and the availability of qualia // In Q. Smith and A. Jokic (eds.), Consciousness: New Philosophical Perspectives. Oxford: Clarendon. 2003.
Loar B. Phenomenal States II // In Ned Block, Owen Flanagan & Güven Güzeldere (eds.), The Nature of Consciousness: Philosophical Debates. The Mit Press. 1997.
Loar B. Phenomenal states // Philosophical Perspectives, 1990. 4. C. 81-108.
Lewis D. An Argument for the Identity Theory // Journal of Philosophy. 1966. Tom. 63, C. 17-25.
Levine J. Phenomenal concepts and the materialist constraint // In (T. Alter & S. Walter, eds) Phenomenal Concepts and Phenomenal Knowledge: Essays on Consciousness and Physicalism. 2006 b.
Levin J. What is a phenomenal concept? // In T. Alter and S. Walter, eds. Phenomenal Concepts and Phenomenal Knowledge: Essays on Consciousness and Physicalism. 2006 a.
Levine J. Knowing what it's like // In Gertler, B. (ed.) Privileged Access: Philosophical Accounts of Self-Knowledge. Ashgate. 2003.
Levine J. Conceivability and the metaphysics of mind // Nous. 1998. 32:4. C. 449-480.
Levine J. Materialism and qualia: The explanatory gap. // Pacific Philosophical Quarterly. 1983. 64. C. 354-61.
Levine J. On leaving out what it's like. // In Davies, M. and Humphreys, G. (eds.) Consciousness: Psychological and Philosophical Essays. Blackwell. 1993.
Jackson F. What Mary Didn’t Know? // Journal of Philosophy. 1986. Tom. 83. S. 291-295.
Kripke S. Naming and Necessity. Oxford: Blackwell, 1980.
Hohwy J. Evidence, explanation and experience. On the harder problem of consciousness // Journal of Philosophy 2004. 101 (5). C. 242-254.
Dennett D. Consciousness Explained. Boston: Little Brown, 1991.
Dennett D. Quining Qualia // In A. Marcel & E. Bisiach (Eds.), Consciousness in Contemporary Science (pp. 381-414). Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988.
Churchland P. M. & Churchland P. S. Functionalism, Qualia and Intentionality // Philosophical Topics, 1981. 12: 121-132
Chalmers D. J. Phenomenal Concepts and the Explanatory Gap // In (T. Alter & S. Walter, eds) Phenomenal Concepts and Phenomenal Knowledge: New Essays on Consciousness and Physicalism. Oxford University Press, 2006.
Chalmers D.J. Phenomenal Concepts and the Knowledge Argument // In (P. Ludlow, Y. Nagasawa, & D. Stoljar, eds) There's Something about Mary: Essays on Frank Jackson's Knowledge Argument Against Physicalism. MIT Press, 2004.
Chalmers, D. 1996. The Conscious Mind. Oxford University Press.
Chalmers D.J. & Jackson, F. Conceptual analysis and reductive explanation // Philosophical Review. 2001. 110. C. 315-61.
Carruthers P. Reductive explanation and the ‘explanatory gap’ // Canadian Journal of Philosophy. 2004. 34 (2). C. 153-173.
Block N. Max Black's objection to mind-body identity // Oxford Review of Metaphysics. 2006. 2. C. 3-78.
Block N. The Harder Problem of Consciousness // Journal of Philosophy. 2002. 99. N 8. C. 391-425.
Bitbol M. Physique et philosophie de l’esprit. Paris : Flammarion, 2000.
Block N. & Stalnaker R. Conceptual Analysis, Dualism, and the Explanatory Gap // Philosophical Review. 1999. 108. C. 1-46.
Benoist J. Le bruit du sensible. Collection « Passages ». Paris: Les éditions CERF, 2013.
Benoist J. Making Ontology Sensitive // Cont. Philos. Rev. (Published online. 04 August 2012) 2012.
Benoist J. Sens et sensibilité. L’intentionalité en contexte. Paris: LeCerf, 2009.
Benoist J. Concepts. Paris : Les éditions CERF, 2010/2011.
Benoist J. Eléments de philosophie réaliste. Paris: Vrin, 2011.
Perry J. Knowledge, Possibility, and Consciousness. MIT Press, 2001.
Searle J. R. The Rediscovery of the Mind. MIT Press, 1992.
Searle J. R. The problem of consciousness // In Experimental and Theoretical Studies of Consciousness (Ciba Foundation Symposium 174). Wiley, 1993.
Searle J.R. Why I am not a property dualist // Journal of Consciousness Studies. 2002. 9, n. 12. C. 57-64.
Stalnaker R. Doklad, sdelannyy v IJN v Parizhe v iyune 2006.
Varela F. Neurophenomenology: A methodological remedy for the hard problem // Journal of Consciousness Studies. 1995. 3. C. 330-49.
White S. Property dualism, phenomenal concepts, and the semantic premise // In Torin Alter & Sven Walter (eds.), Phenomenal Concepts and Phenomenal Knowledge: New Essays on Consciousness and Physicalism. Oxford University Press. 2006.

Correct link to this article:
just copy this link to clipboard