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Bukalerova L.A., Kuznetsova O.A. On the issue of social danger of corruption activity

Published in journal "Administrative and municipal law", 2015-4 in rubric "Public service, municipal service and issues in the fight against corruption", pages 412-417.

Resume: The highest level of social danger of corruption activity is unquestionable: firstly, nowadays corruption is an inevitable concomitant of all authorities execution, especially in the sphere of social goods distribution; secondly, the increase of corruption in society indicates the low efficiency of the existing measures of coercion and other forms of social control and prevention; thirdly, corruption, including its active aspect, is a dynamic, developing and various social phenomenon, and this fact determines a relative character of any scientific results of the study of this phenomenon and predetermines the perspectives of the future research. The article considers the particular criminological aspects of combating corruption. It reveals the forms and types of corruption; characterizes the causes and the consequences of corruption. The study of corruption as a social phenomenon is carried out in complex: using criminology, administrative, constitutional, public and labour law, political science, economics, and psychology. The authors come to the conclusion that the scale of criminogenic factors, determining the corruption activity nowadays, is not proportional to anti-corruption measures. The authors note that for an adequate assessment of corruption in Russia and application of effective measures of coercion, for revelation and prevention it is necessary to consider corruption not as a one-time case, but as a considered, illegal "custom of corruption business intercourse", and to admit that corruption is a serious scientific problem which should be solved within interdisciplinary approach. 

Keywords: corruption, corruption activity, state, bribe , offences, combating corruption, social danger, anti-corruption measures, authority, criminality

DOI: 10.7256/1999-2807.2015.4.13115

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