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Molyanov A.Yu. International legal aspects of the use of means of restraint

Published in journal "Administrative and municipal law", 2015-2 in rubric "Law-enforcement legislation", pages 160-167.

Resume: The article considers the problems related to use of means of restraint by security forces of the Russian Federation in the light of its commitments in the sphere of use of weapons of war, use of force and firearms by security forces. Combating crime is not the problem of a distinct state anymore. Some criminal actions, such as production and distribution of drugs, counterfeiting of money and distrubution of bad money, piracy, androlepsy, and others pose danger not only on the regional, but also on the international level. It is a historical trend that each state works out its own mechanisms of combating crime, but there is one common feature, lying in the fact that security forces are mainly armed with the weapons which are adopted by their states armies, i.e. the weapons of war.The methodology of the research is based on the up-to-date achievements of epistemology.The author uses the general philosophical and theoretical methods (dialectics, the system approach, analysis, synthesis, analogy, deduction, observation, and modeling), the traditional juridical methods (formal-logical), and the methods used in sociological research (the statistical method, expert evaluations, etc.).The analysis of international normative legal acts in the sphere of weapons of war creation and restriction of use, specifically the particular kinds of conventional weapons, and their use by security forces during the performance of their duties, had shown the necessity of further development of normative acts, enhancing the order of creation and use of non-lethal weapons.It is noted that the collective bodies of the international community call the states upon for arming their security forces with the weapons, allowing use of force differentiating and not wounding severely.

Keywords: means, protection, gas, police, truncheon, stick, handcuffs, rights, standard, guard

DOI: 10.7256/1999-2807.2015.2.12900

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