Published in journal "National Security / nota bene", 2015-1 in rubric "Confrontation and defense potentialities", pages 88-100.
Resume: This paper analyzes the approaches of a number of countries towards maintaining their military-industrial base that is capable of supporting their national security, as well as a range of maneuvers available to them within the political continuum in the context of globalization. Available empirical evidence shows that globalization has transformed the structure of incentives for small and medium-sized countries. Despite the fact that the countries such as Sweden, South Africa, and Israel have a high level of defense-industrial autonomy, and were forced to make significant reforms in order to preserve the military-industrial complexes in the context of globalization. Considering Russia's initiatives in building the Customs Union and the Eurasian Economic Union, the issues of integration, the specialization and distribution of labor between the two countries, especially in the sphere of military-industrial industry, seem particularly relevant. The author concludes that small countries can restructure their defense agencies to increase their contribution into national security and successfully compete in the global arms market. It is obvious that the government has a number of options to achieve this goal, including various combinations of exports and foreign direct investments. Alternative ways to support countries own defense industry suggests that the military-industrial globalization, in terms of the international system will not lead to the disappearance of the national defense industry, and will not strengthen the larger nations at the expense of smaller ones. Competent and patriotically-minded leaders have all the conditions and institutional mechanisms to be able to raise the level of the national security system in their countries, while maintaining strategic internal capabilities and increasing export of defense components and systems.
Keywords: technology transfer, military-industrial complex, military-technical cooperation, defense markets, armaments, national security, defense industrial policy, globalization, regional security, international security
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