Published in journal "Taxes and Taxation", 2014-9 in rubric "TAXATION OF NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS", pages 837-845.
Resume: The authors of the article analyze taxation of Russian non-profit organizations. Tax treatment of non-profit organizations is described both compared to profit organizations and depending on particular forms of legal entity’s incorporation and scopes of activity. Special attention is paid to profits earned by non-profit organizations and taxation of profit. The authors offer their own classification of these profits based on the differentiated approach from the point of view of the definition of “taxable income”. The authors also analyze peculiarities of establishing a tax base for paying the main taxes by non-profit organizations. Research methodology is based on the dialectic approach to taxation of non-profit organizations involving the analysis of financial and, in particular, tax relations in their mutual reference and dependence. The authors also apply the methods of system and comparative analysis. The main results of the research include the following: the authors have discovered the dependence of taxation of non-profit organizations on the nature of their activity, have classified and described factors that have a direct influence on taxation of non-profit organizations including financial sources, participants and a scope of activities of a non-profit organizations and have described the main peculiarities of establishing the tax base for paying the main taxes by non-profit organizations.
Keywords: nonprofit organizations, taxes, taxable income, tax burden, tax rebates, special-purpose receipts, forms of legal entity’s incorporation, scope of activity, public goods, taxpayer.
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