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Dosaeva, G.S. Problems of qualifi cation of multiple crimes.

Published in journal "Police activity", 2014-5 in rubric "The police and criminal procedure", pages 432-440.

Resume: It is noted in the article that qualification of a crime is establishing correspondence between the elements of crime committed and the elements of certain crime established by the relevant article of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. Being a constituent element of the activities of competent officials, and in some cases, the judges, on application of criminal law, qualification is a thinking process of the official, including comparison of elements of an act committed and the elements within a certain crime established by law. Based upon the above, the author makes a conclusion that the result of this comparison is legal evaluation of the act committed. Based upon this methodological basis, the author forms the object of studies regarding multiple crimes. The methodological basis for the article was formed with the modern achievements of the cognition theory. In the process of studies the author used general philosophical, theoretical and empiric methods (dialectics, systemic method, analysis, synthesis, analogy, deduction, observation, modeling), traditional legal methods ( formal logic method), and methods typical for specific sociological studies (statistical, expert evaluation, etc.). It is established in the article that a number of issues regarding qualification of multiple crimes concerns evaluation of criminal activity of a guilty person as process developing in time and space. That is why resolution of the problem is not directly provided for by the law, however, it follows from the existing practice of its application. Two situations are possible here, both theoretically and practically.

Keywords: crime, punishment, qualifi cation, multiplicity, sanction, criminal, law, judge, court, problem.

DOI: 10.7256/2222-1964.2014.5.13213

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