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Biyushkina, N.I., Kiryushina, N.Y., Shartynova, A.V. Theoretical and legal problems regarding volunteerism defi nition

Published in journal "Law and Politics", 2014-10 in rubric "Jurisprudence", pages 1603-1609.

Resume: The object of studies involves a theoretical and legal model of volunteerism in the Russian Federation. The authors of the article analyze topical issues regarding definition of volunteerism, its differences from charity and other social matters. The article provides an attempt of legal analysis of the Draft Law N. 300326-6 On Volunteerism. The authors also reveal the positions of other researchers in this field. The authors show the importance of the matter in question for the Russian political and legal reality, as well as causes and motivation of volunteerism, its classification. The methodology of the studies involves the following methods: dialectic, metaphysical, analysis, synthesis. In their studies the authors base their approach upon the general dialectic cognition method, allowing to single out the logic of the matter in question and define its level. The metaphysical method has allowed to formulate the definition of the volunteerism. The methods of synthesis and analysis have led to logically formed classification, provisions for the contents of this social and legal matter. Novelty of the work involves an original theoretical and legal model of volunteerism. The authors formulate the definition of volunteerism, singling out its legal and social elements. The authors provide classification with the relevant criteria being defined. The authors refer to goals, fundamentals and motivation of this matter, substantiating the understanding of volunteerism as a complicated multi-level matter. The authors have formulated the elements of volunteerism, paying attention to its special socially valuable role in Russia.

Keywords: Volunteerism, charity, non-mercantilism, social and legal model, philanthropy, religion, ideology, mercy, civil feeling, good.

DOI: 10.7256/1811-9018.2014.10.12878

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