Published in journal "Philosophy and Culture", 2014-9 in rubric "Editor-in-Chief's column", pages 1243-1247.
Resume: The article is devoted to analyzing philosophical grounds of modern trans-humanism. The author is referring to the promising scientific achievements which allow to start thinking about creating a new human usually called ‘posthuman’. A number of published researches describe an incredible variant of post-human as a universal intelligent living creature when anthropopathy is only one of the variants. Not to dispute actual scientific achievements and their potentials, the author of the article pays attention to the narrow or even ludicrous philosophical and theoretical opinions on the aforesaid possibilities. There are researches that do not have a strong metaphysical framework of the key concepts like human, death, immortality or life. Many authors frankly neglect a great variety of philosophical concepts created by the humankind and ignores deep thoughts on the future in science fiction and utopian literature. Research methods used by the author of the article are based on historical and philosophical traditions. The author refers to the philosophical concepts that were created by the humankind for the purpose of understanding the fundamental concepts of the world order and human existence. When reflecting on the matter, Pavel Gurevich uses the rules of deductive and inductive logic, standard analytical procedures, hermeneutics and phenomenology rules. The novelty of the research is in the critical analysis of the simplified schemes for discovering the future. Researchers avoid discussing dangers, tricks or even fatal consequences that may be caused by convergent technologies. Convergent technologies are usually viewed only as completely beneficial future perspectives. Theoretical concepts are usually governed by the stereotypes of the modern consumer society according to which science serves to improve human life and provide new conveniences and benefits. However, the author of the present article believes that new discoveries and projects require the intense philosophical framework and detailed analysis, otherwise scientific achievements may turn out to be ruin or hazard to humanity.
Keywords: philosophy, science, anthropological crisis, trans-humanist projects, convergent technologies, life, death, immortality, human, post-human.
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