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Petrov, V. O. John Cages Actionism: Main Forms and Specifi cs of Implementation

Published in journal "Culture and Art", 2014-4 in rubric "Music and music culture", pages 444-456.

Resume: The subject under review is actionism as a phenomenon of post-modernistic culture and actionism in the heritage of an American composer John Cage. The author of the article describes the main forms of musical actionism including happening, instrumental theatre as a form of performance and multimedia. It is noted that actionism should be understood as a creative act that forms a new type of perception not typical for the previous classical process of perceiving a piece of music. The new type of music perception was created in the middle of the 20th century and was caused by the desire of many composers to achieve the synthesis of arts. The article is based on the analytical method of analyzing the main forms of musical actionism. The researcher tries to draw our attention at peculiar properties of actionism in creative work of a particular composer. This is the first comprehensive research of Cages musical actionism in Russian art studies. The researcher proves that Cages synthesizing ideas combined with the principle of indeterminism is the central shapegenerating feature of Cages actions that mostly denies famous principles of musical art. According to the researcher, Cages actionism is an expression of his own inner world elated to Buddhism and the concept of the synthesis of arts rather than a challenge or an example of his deliberate epatage.

Keywords: Action, musical actionism, happening, performance, multimedia, instrumental theatre, synthesis of arts, John Cage, music forms, post-modernism.

DOI: 10.7256/2222-1956.2014.4.12721

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