'Labor as One of the Sides of Human Existence' Philosophy and Culture nbpublish.com
Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 1810,   Articles in work: 377 Declined articles: 405 

Gurevich, P. S. Labor as One of the Sides of Human Existence

Published in journal "Philosophy and Culture", 2014-7 in rubric "Editor-in-Chief's column", pages 939-942.

Resume: The author of the article notes that the sides of human existence mean the kind of life styles and human activities that people cant live without. In particular, labor has always accompanied human existence. However, the role of labor is singular for each society and depends on the values of each particular culture. In the European history, for example, labor has been glorified and appraised in poems but at the same time the role of labor has been underestimated and his importance for human existence has been denied. The author of the present article bases himself on the concept of labor offered by Karl Marx, in particular, his idea about labor being a true reflection of human nature. Arguing with Marx conclusions, the author, at the same time, shows how popular his ideas have been as well as his critics of the capital by using the two modes of human existence to be or to have. The author also tries to discover the natural and social grounds of labor as a special type of human activity. To study the issue the author uses historical research methods. Pavel Gurevich describes how the concept of the genesis and development of labor as a specific activity was created in the history of European philosophy. The author also provides a comparative analysis of the theories of labor offered by Marx, Jaspers and Arendt. The novelty of the article is in the authors intention to describe labor as a side of human existence and therefore underline a special role of natural and social grounds in the genesis of labor activity. The author also offers a hypothesis that labor is not always a necessary side of human existence but only under certain conditions described in the article.

Keywords: philosophy, human existence, human, human nature, labor, nature, transcendence, possession, function, sides of human existence.

DOI: 10.7256/1999-2793.2014.7.12453

This article can be downloaded freely in PDF format for reading. Download article

Arendt Khanna. Vita activa, ili O deyatel'noy zhizni. M., 2000.
Bodriyyar Zh., Yaspers K. Prizrak tolpy. M., 2014.
Gurevich P.S. Protestantskaya i sotsial'naya etika // Psikhologiya i psikhotekhnika. 2010. 4 (19). S. 5-6.
Gurevich P.S. Transformatsiya tsennostey na rubezhe tysyacheletiy // Kharakter i lichnost'. Mnogoobrazie i integratsiya kul'turnykh tsennostey na iskhode KhKh veka. Tver', 1999. S. 11-17.
Lapitskiy Mark. Trud v traditsionnykh religiyakh Vostoka // NG-religiya. 1997. 29 maya. S.
Marinosyan Kh.E. Chestnost' vygodna kapitalistu (Protestanstskiy etos, ego genezis) // Arkhetip. 1995. 1.
Fromm E. Imet' ili byt'? M., 2012

Correct link to this article:
just copy this link to clipboard