Published in journal "Administrative and municipal law", 2014-8 in rubric "Public and municipal service and the citizen", pages 749-755.
Resume: The institution of an “official” in the sphere of public administration has been drawing attention of scientists of various generations. The theoretical fundamental for the studies of the institution of “official” were brought forth in the scientific works of the state law scholars of late XIX and early XX centuries. The institution of “official” became the center of attention starting from 1990s. This period of time may be characterized with the intensive reforms of the institution of the public services and administrative delict legislation. This is the period when there are attempts to substantiate the need to develop the uniform interdisciplinary definition of an “official” and to find the ways to clarify its administrative legal contents. The methodological basis for the scientific article was formed by the current achievements of the theory of cognition. In the process of studies the author used general philosophical, theoretical and empiric methods (dialectics, systemic method, analysis, synthesis, analogy, deduction, observation, modeling), traditional legal methods ( formal logic method), and methods typical for specific sociological studies (statistical, expert evaluation, etc.). Currently the Russian legislation on the public service is undergoing the process of its formation. In spite of the measures implemented in the late years, it still is not possible to achieve appropriate quality of legal regulation of the relations regarding public service. There are unresolved problems regarding the corruption in the sphere of public service, lack of modern methods for planning the works of state servants, etc.
Keywords: service, official, function, competence, person, corruption, public character, administration, law, obligation. Administrative and municipal law: business, economics, and finances.
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