'Analysis of the Influence of Taxes on the Economic Development of Russia' Taxes and Taxation nbpublish.com
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Giraev, V. K. Analysis of the Influence of Taxes on the Economic Development of Russia

Published in journal "Taxes and Taxation", 2014-6 in rubric "PREDICTION AND PLANNING IN TAXATION", pages 562-578.

Resume: When establishing the economy based on market relations, it is necessary to take into account the so-called path dependence (dependence of the development path on the previous development), i.e. economic, social, political and institutional features of the previous economic development. The purpose of the research is to analyze and evaluate the influence of taxes on the economic development of Russia. Theoretical and methodological grounds of the research include theories of economic growth, laws and regulations and other sources of the state government of the Russian Federation. After a long economic decay in 1991 1998, GDP volumes started to grow again in Russia and over the period since 1999 till 2008 the average growth rate of GDP achieved 6.9 %. Since 2008 till 2013 economic development of Russia had been generally characterized with the average growth of GDP by 1.7% per year which was however caused by a favorable external economic environment rather than the development of the industry. In order to define the relation between the main macroeconomic indicators, the researcher uses statistical research methods that low to describe peculiarities of the economic growth in Russia over the period since 1996 till 2013. For this purpose the researcher develops regression models. These models allow to find the correlation between the number of employed population, average income and GDP in face value; and the correlation between tax revenues, unprofitability of enterprises and GDP in face value. By analyzing the influence of particular factors on GDP, the researcher has proved the close relation between these indictors and the growth of capital investments, average income and tax revenues (corporate tax, personal income tax, VAT). Therefore, one of the main factors of a long-term economic growth is capital investments. Taking into account limited financial resources of the government and companies themselves, these investments should be encouraged through taxation procedures. In particular, the researcher offers to grant tax rebates for capital investments. According to the researcher, this would stimulate the economic growth of Russia.

Keywords: taxes, development pathway, GDP dynamics, tax incentives, VAT, personal income tax, regression models, economic growth, investment tax rebate.

DOI: 10.7256/1812-8688.2014.6.12460

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