Published in journal "Pedagogy and education", 2014-1 in rubric "Spiritual and moral search", pages 88-97.
Resume: Quite a number of works by Russian authors is devoted to the ideological gap between French ‘New Philosophers’ and ‘New Right’. Significant attention is paid to the description of the established polar positions in the spheres of the philosophy of history, culture, science and technology. The author of the article analyzes sharp political discrepancies typical for French philosophers who have chosen to follow different ideologies. The author underlines the orientation of historical and philosophical excursuses undertaken by the researchers to describe the problem of human in terms of the aforesaid topic and in the aforesaid spheres. Meanwhile the author of the present article suggests that the anthropological theme gives a better idea of the philosophical confrontation between these two directions of the social thought of the modern West. To a certain extent it is the fundamental idea for evaluation of ideological discussions, spiritual innovations and overall evolution of today’s French philosophy. The author of the article uses the historical method that allows to cover the topic in terms of the development of modern French philosophy. The author also bases his research on the methods of philosophical anthropology for analyzing the theories of human. The novelty of the research is in the analysis of disagreements that are typical for the two different approaches to the anthropological theme in French philosophy. The author’s general purpose is to outline nettlesome problems of modern philosophy and topical issues of the philosophical theory of human behind the polemics between the New Philosophers and New Right.
Keywords: philosophy, psychology, human, philosophical anthropology, personalism, humanity, personality, world view, position, ‘man without personality’.
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