Ðóñ Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 2080,   Articles in work: 297 Declined articles: 802 
Library

Karastelev, V.E. Institutionalization of forms of public control organization (an example of judicial system and law-enforcement activities)

Published in journal "Law and Politics", 2014-6 in rubric "Authority and management", pages 787-798.

Resume: From the moment of its formation the Russian Federation has passed a long way from the unconnected initiatives to the institutional procedures for public control in the justice and law-enforcement systems. Unlike the states, where the democratic rule formed “naturally”, Russia needs to implement institutionalization of public control in a short historic period of time, at the same time (and not consequently) with the various public control practices. The article includes analysis of three forms of public control organization. Implantation or direct copying of institutions, as constituted in the modern developed societies in the spheres ranging from the market to the public policy and human rights in the history of new Russia has reopened the institutionalization problem. In the Russian conditions we deal with the forming (and not the formed) institutions, while the institutionalization process is to a great extent artificial, and not natural. Accordingly, the approaches to the formation and analysis of these issues should be developed anew. As a methodology, the author offers a public control unit including five elements: 1) actors and their interaction based upon the reciprocal character of social act, based upon the principles of self-government, self-administration, self-sufficiency; 2) type of goal which is related to curbing discretion abuse; 3) object of control – state activities; 4) means of implementation – public policy; 5) civil ethics, based on non-violent methods. This system is not merely theoretical, it is based upon the interpretation of expert interviews of the leaders of the recognized non-governmental organizations. The author introduces the ideas on the five phases of institutionalization of public control, as well as the ideas of scenarios and types of institutionalization. According to the offered methodology, the author analyzes three forms of organization of public control: representative of the public in the qualification boards of judges, public supervision commission and civil control over the police activities.

Keywords: institution, public control, court, prison, police, institutionalization, actor, scenario, type, public supervision commission.

DOI: 10.7256/1811-9018.2014.6.12206

This article can be downloaded freely in PDF format for reading. Download article

Bibliography:
Yasin E.G. Stsenarii dlya Rossii na dolgosrochnuyu perspektivu. Novyy impul's cherez dva desyatiletiya [Tekst] : dokl. k XIII Apr. Mezhdunar. Nauch. Konf. Po problemam razvitiya ekonomiki i obshchestva, Moskva, 3-5 apr. 2012g. / E.G. Yasin ; Nats. Issled. Un-t «Vysshaya shkola ekonomiki». – M.: Izd. Dom Vysshey shkoly ekonomiki, 2012.
Shchedrovitskiy G.P. Ideya deyatel'nosti i deyatel'nostnyy podkhod / G.P.Shchedrovitskiy.-M.: ROSSPEN, 2010.
Yakovenko I.G. Politicheskaya sub'ektnost' mass. Kul'turologicheskiy aspekt politicheskoy zhizni v Rossii. – M.: Novyy khronograf, 2009.
Shmerlina I. A. Ponyatie «sotsial'nyy institut»: analiz issledovatel'skikh podkhodov // Sotsiologicheskiy zhurnal. 2008. ¹ 4. s. 53 – 69.
Shklyaruk M.S. Pravovaya statistika: sistemnyy konflikt mezhdu znaniem o prestupnosti i uchetom vedomstvennoy raboty. – SPb. : Institut problem pravoprimeneniya pri Evropeyskom universitete v Sankt-Peterburge, 2014.
Skott Dzh. Blagimi namereniyami gosudarstva. Pochemu i kak provalilis' proekty uluchsheniya usloviy chelovecheskoy zhizni: Per. s angl. E.N. Gusinskogo, Yu.I. Turchaninovoy. – M.: Universitetskaya kniga, 2005.
Rol' predstaviteley obshchestvennosti v povyshenii nezavisimosti i effektivnosti pravosudiya v Rossiyskoy Federatsii». M. : Moskovskaya Khel'sinkskaya gruppa, 2011.
Petrov N. Substituty institutov // Zolotoy lev, 2007. ¹151-152. Petrukhin I.L. Sudebnaya vlast': kontrol' za rassledovaniem prestupleniy. – M.: TK Velbi, Izd-vo Prospekt, 2008.
Paneyakh E. Extra jus: Khoroshee plokhoe vedomstvo // Vedomosti, 16.05.2013.
Osse A. Printsipy deyatel'nosti politsii.-Amsterdam: Amnesty International, 2006.
Nort D., Uollis D., Vayngast B. Nasilie i sotsial'nye poryadki. Kontseptual'nye ramki dlya interpretatsii pis'mennoy istorii chelovechestva.-M.: Izdatel'stvo Instituta Gaydara, 2011.
Novyy obshchestvenno-politicheskiy slovar'. Per. s frants. yaz. – M.: Moskovskaya shkola politicheskikh issledovaniy, 2008.
Karastelev V. Obshchestvennyy kontrol' za deyatel'nost'yu politsii v Rossii: vozmozhnosti i real'nye praktiki / Analiticheskiy doklad o deyatel'nosti pravozashchitnoy seti. M. : Izdatel'stvo «Yurist», 2013. C. 368-385.
Kakabadze Sh.Sh., Zaytsev D.G., Zvyagina N.A., Karastelev V.E. Institut grazhdanskogo uchastiya: proverka deyatel'nost'yu sub'ektov // Polis. Politicheskie issledovaniya, 2011. ¹ 3. C. 88—108.
Zaytsev D.G., Karastelev V.E. Protestnoe dvizhenie v Rossii 2011-2012 godov: problema sub'ektnosti / Gosudarstvo i obshchestvo v prostranstve vlasti i politicheskikh kommunikatsiy. Politicheskaya nauka: Ezhegodnik 2013. / Rossiyskaya assotsiatsiya politicheskoy nauki; gl. red. A. I. Solov'ev. M.: Rossiyskaya politicheskaya entsiklopediya (ROSSPEN), 2013. S. 231-266.
Berger P., Lukman T. Sotsial'noe konstruirovanie real'nosti. Traktat po sotsiologii znaniya.-M.: “Medium”, 1995.
Alekseeva L. M. Istoriya inakomysliya v SSSR. Noveyshiy period. M.: «Vest'», 1992.
Bauman Z. Aktual'nost' kholokosta. – M.: Izdatel'stvo «Evropa»,-2012.
Belyaeva N.Yu., Karastelev V.E. Formy grazhdanskogo uchastiya grazhdanskikh ob'edineniy v publichnoy politike // Sbornik statey po itogam XII Mezhdunarodnoy nauchnoy konferentsii po problemam razvitiya ekonomiki i obshchestva Vysshey shkoly ekonomiki, 2012. C. 302—310.
Holloway J. Change the World Without Taking Power: The Meaning of Revolution Today.-London: Pluto Press, 2002.
Avshalumova R., Kravchenko I. Rossiyskikh igrekov sreda zaela // Vedomosti, 22.05.2014.
Tregubova E.V. Administrativnye zaprety v sfere osushchestvleniya politseyskoy deyatel'nosti // NB: Rossiyskoe politseyskoe pravo. - 2013. - 1. - C. 25 - 44. DOI: 10.7256/2306-4218.2013.1.718. URL: http://www.e-notabene.ru/pm/article_718.html
N. R. Ispravnikova, D. N. Romanov Perspektivy modernizatsii
bazovykh institutov sotsial'noy sfery // Politika i Obshchestvo. - 2011. - 8. - C. 77 - 85.
Ayrikh V.A. Sootnoshenie obshchestvennoy bezopasnosti i preventsii v politseyskom prave FRG // NB: Natsional'naya bezopasnost'. - 2013. - 1. - C. 254 - 289. DOI: 10.7256/2306-0417.2013.1.312. URL: http://www.e-notabene.ru/nb/article_312.html
Boskhamdzhieva N.A., Kashkina E.V. Administrativno-pravovoe regulirovanie vzaimodeystviya organov vnutrennikh del s institutami grazhdanskogo obshchestva v sfere preduprezhdeniya pravonarusheniy // Administrativnoe i munitsipal'noe pravo.-2010.-9.-C. 13-17
Volokh V.A. Praktika raboty institutov grazhdanskogo obshchestva v sfere migratsii naseleniya // NB: Problemy obshchestva i politiki.-2013.-6.-C. 105-136. DOI: 10.7256/2306-0158.2013.6.598. URL: http://www.e-notabene.ru/pr/article_598.html
N. R. Ispravnikova, D. N. Romanov Perspektivy modernizatsii bazovykh institutov sotsial'noy sfery // Politika i Obshchestvo.-2011.-8.-C. 77-85.
Gorelova O.A.. Problemy privlecheniya sudey k distsiplinarnoy otvetstvennosti v sovremennom zakonodatel'stve i praktike kvalifikatsionnykh kollegiy sudey // Politika i Obshchestvo. – 2014. – ¹ 2. – S. 104-107. DOI: 10.7256/1812-8696.2014.2.1117
Kurakin A.V., Kostennikov M.V. Printsipy organizatsii i deyatel'nosti rossiyskoy politsii // NB: Rossiyskoe politseyskoe pravo.-2013.-2.-C. 22-49. DOI: 10.7256/2306-4218.2013.2.799. URL: http://www.e-notabene.ru/pm/article_799.html
Solomatina E.A. Pravovoe regulirovanie deyatel'nosti politsii v zarubezhnykh stranakh // NB: Rossiyskoe politseyskoe pravo.-2013.-3.-C. 104-118. DOI: 10.7256/2306-4218.2013.3.8916. URL: http://www.e-notabene.ru/pm/article_8916.html

Correct link to this article:
just copy this link to clipboard