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Gurevich, P. S. Unlearned History Lessons

Published in journal "Philosophy and Culture", 2014-4 in rubric "Editor-in-Chief's column", pages 489-493.

Resume: The subject under review is the philosophy of history. This is the branch of philosophy that studies the historical process, the meaning and goals of history, the breakdown and sequence of the main historical eras and the relation between nature and history, freedom and necessity in the historical dynamics and the end of the historical process or, on the contrary, the endless future of the historical process. These general targets are achieved through solving more particular issues and answering more concrete questions such as: why do people keep memories about the historical process? Why would it be so dangerous to forget our history? What are the special features of the profound historical thinking? Is there a logic pattern in the development of history? What does the saying History always gives a choice mean? What is the difference between the traditional society and modern society? Why are social revolutions so dangerous? What is the Russian Idea? Is the historical development linear or cyclic? What is the information society? Is there any progress in history or is the history and the world just coming to the global catastrophe? These historical questions and issues need more research and analysis. In his research the author of the article mostly bases himself on the historical method that allows to describe the logic of the historical process. The author also criticizes the positivistic approach to the description of the historical process. The scientific importance and novelty of the research is that the author tries to throw light on the main issues of modern philosophy of history. Obviously, these issues cannot be solved without considering a number of gnoseological and logical methodological issues. In particular, the French school The Annals was founded based on the idea of social constructivism. According to the author of the article, the historical evidence as itself needs further research and interpretation.

Keywords: philosophy, philosophy of history, power, history lessons, the meaning of history, power mania, freedom, tyranny, war, poetics of everyday life.

DOI: 10.7256/1999-2793.2014.4.11668

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