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Milchakova, O.V. Reform of the Constitutional Court of the Montenegro (20132014).

Published in journal "Administrative and municipal law", 2014-4 in rubric "Administrative law, municipal law and the judicial branch", pages 367-374.

Resume: The article is devoted to analysis of the status of the Constitutional Court of Montenegro. Special attention is paid to the reform of the institution of judicial constitutional control, which took place in 2013-2014. The reform influenced the formation of the Constitutional Court, its administrative autonomy, internal organization, procedures for the constitutional judicial process. At the same time the earlier formed European model of constitutional control was not changed. Generally, the amendments are aimed at making the constitutional justice body more efficient, guaranteeing openness and transparency of the judicial proceedings and formation of the court. In the process of analysis the author mostly uses historic method, formal legal method and comparative legal method of studies. As a conclusion, the author notes that implementation of the positive democratic fundamentals of the reform of the constitutional justice in Montenegro involved some misunderstandings. That is why there are serious doubts regarding legitimacy of the new corpus of the Constitutional Court of Montenegro and its decisions, which is not acceptable in a rule of law state, since it undermines the authority and causes distrust of the state government bodies and especially the Constitutional Court of Montenegro.

Keywords: Montenegro, constitutional reform, constitutional court, constitutional control, administrative autonomy of a court, constitutional process, Yugoslavia, constitutionality, constitutional justice, constitution.

DOI: 10.7256/1999-2807.2014.4.11462

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