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Shagara, G.V. The problems of implementation of constitutional right of citizens for the secrecy of phone conversations and other messages.

Published in journal "Administrative and municipal law", 2014-3 in rubric "Administrative law, municipal law and human rights", pages 286-293.

Resume: The article discusses specific features of implementation of the constitutional right to the secret of phone conversations and other messages at the current stage of social development. It is noted in the article that the independency and value of the constitutional right of every person for the secrecy of phone conversation as a guarantee of basic fundamental rights has special value. The article notes the approach of the legislator, who made this guarantee a constitutional one, and this guarantee along with others plays an important role in the legal status of individual and citizen of the Russian Federation, relations of citizens and state at the current stage of development of the Russian society. The article also points out one matter, which is of significant value in the sphere of implementation of the right to secrecy of phone conversations. The methodological basis for the work was formed by the modern achievements of the cognitive theory. In the process of studies the author used general philosophical, theoretical and empiric methods (dialectics, systemic method, analysis, synthesis, analogy, deduction, observation, modeling), traditional legal methods ( formal logic method), and methods typical for specific sociological studies (statistical, expert evaluation, etc.). The international legal acts and the Constitution of the Russian Federation alike regard the right to the secrecy of the phone conversation as an absolute right. It is noted in the article that according to the international legal documents this right may be limited on a number of legislatively defined conditions. However, these acts do not define what these conditions are. They were regulated in more detail in the law of the European Union, providing for the right to respect to correspondence. Based upon the analysis of the Art. 23 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation it follows that the tight to the secrecy of phone conversations is a constituent element of inviolability of private life, personal and family secrecy, protection of dignity and good reputation.

Keywords: secret, telephone, information, data, person, individual, protection, Constitution, secret, guarding.

DOI: 10.7256/1999-2807.2014.3.11254

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