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Gurevich, P. S., Shazhinbatyn, A. Ideologization and Deidologization

Published in journal "Philosophy and Culture", 2014-2 in rubric "Editor-in-Chief's column", pages 155-161.

Resume: The author of the article raises a question about the role of ideology in the historical process. Social philosophers constantly argue whether ideology is of any use at all. On one hand the term ideology was created at the Age of Enlightenment. There was a need in a particular theory that would describe the role of ideas, functions of doctrines and prove their unquestioning importance. On the other hand, quite a unique phenomenon called ideological criticism was born at the same time. Discovery of false consciousness seemed to have rich philosophical traditions but the tendency towards glorification of ideology and analysis of its essential role in human life. In order to compare different approaches to ideology, from denying to glorifying it, the author of the article uses traditions offered by historicism. He also uses the method of phenomenological analysis for analyzing such a complex social phenomenon. The main idea of the article and novelty of the research is that there is no single attitude to ideology. The process of ideologization is replaced with the process of de-ideologization. This is in many ways connected to the social and historical approach. At the meridian of its activity, the government always insists on creating a new ideology and tries to prove its importance and value for the society. In the meantime, new social forces trying to gain the power criticize the previous ideology and try to disclose social myths.

Keywords: ideology, falseconsciousness, ideological criticism, ideologization, re-ideologization, philosophy, world view, history, science, government.

DOI: 10.7256/1999-2793.2014.2.10940

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