'Unique Companion of Enlightenment: Experience in Researching Creative Legacy of Mikhail Lomonosov' Pedagogy and education nbpublish.com
Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 1868,   Articles in work: 383 Declined articles: 401 
Library

Chernov, S. V. Unique Companion of Enlightenment: Experience in Researching Creative Legacy of Mikhail Lomonosov

Published in journal "Pedagogy and education", 2013-3 in rubric "Educational interaction", pages 202-224.

Resume: Studying the chronology of Lomonosovs creative activity, we can see that he could easily go from chemistry researches to studying ancient Russian history, from physical experiments to creating projects of scientific expeditions, from the project of creating the first university in Russia or re-organization of St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences to writing poems. At the same time when Lomonosov worked on mosaic art in his chemical laboratory, he also wrote the Ancient Russian History and Russian Grammar, studied the problem of atmospheric electricity together with the professor Richter, corresponded with a foreign scientist, wrote and defended his numerous theses. The author bases his studies of Mikhail Lomonosovs creative legacy on the idea of human genius. The latter was developed by the author on the basis of issues studied in philosophical anthropology. The results of the research very well show that all scientific, literary and social activities performed by Mikhail Lomonosov was aimed at building the path the Russian science and Russian Enlightenment followed later. Due to Lomonosov the Russian language gained not only national but also world significance and Lomonosov laid the foundation for the Russian language taking the rightful place in the all human spiritual culture. Lomonosovs pedagogical ideas are presented not only in his works in the humanities, but also in science and even poetry. Lomonosov supported young talented Russian scientists and teachers. These facts show that the problem of teaching and up-brining of youth and children were one of the major matters in Lomonosovs creative work.

Keywords: mission of Lomonosovs genius, Russian Enlightenment, the Russian language, Lomonosovs scientific method, curious researcher, keen philosopher, Lomonosovs teaching ideals, the problem of teaching excellence, up-bringing, labor.

DOI: 10.7256/2306-434X.2013.3.10501

This article can be downloaded freely in PDF format for reading. Download article

Bibliography:
Aksakov K. S. Lomonosov v istorii russkoy literatury i russkogo yazyka. Rassuzhdenie kandidata Moskovskogo universiteta Konstantina Aksakova, pisannoe na stepen' magistra filosofskogo fakul'teta pervogo otdeleniya. Moskva, v tipografii Nikolaya Stepanova, 1846. 517 s.
Batyushkov K. N. Rech' o vliyanii legkoy poezii na yazyk, chitannaya pri vstuplenii v Obshchestvo lyubiteley russkoy slovesnosti v Moskve. Iyulya 1816. // Batyushkov K.N. Opyty v stikhakh i proze. M.: Izdatel'stvo Nauka, 1977. C.819.
Bezborodov M. A. M. V. Lomonosov osnovopolozhnik khimii silikatov. Minsk: Izdatel'stvo AN BSSR, 1952. 23 s.
Berdyaev N. A. Russkaya ideya // Berdyaev N. A. Samopoznanie: Sochineniya. M.: Eksmo, 2008. 640 s. (Antologiya mysli). S.11256.
Veyninger O. Pol i kharakter: Printsipial'noe issledovanie. M.: Latard, 1997. 357 s. (Fundament psikhologii KhKh v.).
Gogol' N. V. V chem zhe, nakonets, sushchestvo russkoy poezii i v chem ee osobennost' // Gogol' N.V. Sobranie sochineniy v shesti tomakh. T.6: Izbrannye stat'i i pis'ma. M.: Gosudarstvennoe izdatel'stvo khudozhestvennoy literatury, 1953. S.141184.
Derzhavina O. A. Stikhotvornye perelozheniya M. V. Lomonosova // Lomonosov i russkaya literatura / Otv. redaktor A. S. Kurilov. M.: Nauka, 1987. S.189199.
Elinek Yan. Bol'shoy illyustrirovannyy atlas pervobytnogo cheloveka. Praga: Artiya, 1985. 560 s.
Lebedev E. N. Lomonosov. M.: Mol. Gvardiya, 1990. 602[6] s., il. (Zhizn' zamech. lyudey. Seriya biogr. Vyp. 705).
Lomonosov M. V. 276 zametok po fizike i korpuskulyarnoy filosofii / Per. B. N. Menshutkina // Lomonosov M.V. Polnoe sobranie sochineniy T. 3: Trudy po fizike i khimii, 17381746 gg. M.; L.: AN SSSR, 1950. S.103167.
Lomonosov M. V. Volfianskaya eksperimental'naya fizika, s nemetskogo podlinnika na latinskom yazyke sokrashchennaya, s kotorogo na rossiyskiy yazyk perevel Mikhaylo Lomonosov, imperatorskoy Akademii Nauk chlen i khimii professor // Lomonosov M. V. Polnoe sobranie sochineniy / AN SSSR. M.; L., 19501983. T. 1: Trudy po fizike i khimii, 17381746. M.; L.: AN SSSR, 1950. S. 419530.
Lomonosov M. V. Zapiska o neobkhodimosti preobrazovaniya Akademii Nauk. 17581759 // Lomonosov M. V. Polnoe sobranie sochineniy. T. 10: Sluzhebnye dokumenty. Pis'ma. 17341765 gg. M.; L.: Izd-vo AN SSSR, 1952. S. 3272. S.57.
Lomonosov M. V. Kratkoe rukovodstvo k krasnorechiyu. Kniga pervaya, v kotoroy soderzhitsya ritorika, pokazuyushchaya obshchie pravila oboego krasnorechiya, to est' oratorii i poezii, sochinennaya v pol'zu lyubyashchikh slovesnye nauki // Lomonosov M. V. Polnoe sobranie sochineniy. T. 7: Trudy po filologii 17391758 gg. M.; L.: Izd-vo AN SSSR, 1952. S. 89378.
Lomonosov M. V. Oda na den' vosshestviya na Vserossiyskiy prestol Eya Velichestva Gosudaryni Imperatritsy Elisavety Petrovny 1747 goda // Lomonosov M. V. Polnoe sobranie sochineniy. T. 8: Poeziya, oratorskaya proza, nadpisi, 17321764. M.; L.: Izd-vo AN SSSR, 1959. S. 196207.
Lomonosov M. V. O kachestvakh stikhotvortsa rassuzhdenie // Lomonosov M.V. Izbrannye filosofskie proizvedeniya. M.: Gosudarstvennoe izdatel'stvo politicheskoy literatury, 1950. S.517532.
Lomonosov M. V. Pis'mo Teplovu G. N., 30 yanvarya 1761 g. // Lomonosov M. V. Polnoe sobranie sochineniy. T. 10: Sluzhebnye dokumenty. Pis'ma. 17341765 gg. M.; L.: Izd-vo AN SSSR, 1952. S. 547554.
Lomonosov M. V. Pis'mo Shuvalovu I. I., 4 yanvarya 1753 g. // Lomonosov M. V. Polnoe sobranie sochineniy. T. 10: Sluzhebnye dokumenty. Pis'ma. 17341765 gg. M.; L.: Izd-vo AN SSSR, 1952. S. 474476.
Lomonosov M. V. Pis'mo Shuvalovu I. I., iyun' iyul' 1754 g. // Lomonosov M.V. Polnoe sobranie sochineniy. T. 10: Sluzhebnye dokumenty. Pis'ma. 17341765 gg. M.; L.: Izd-vo AN SSSR, 1952. S. 508514.
Lomonosov M. V. Pis'mo Shuvalovu I. I., 19 yanvarya 1761 g. // Lomonosov M. V. Polnoe sobranie sochineniy. T. 10: Sluzhebnye dokumenty. Pis'ma. 17341765 gg. M.; L.: Izd-vo AN SSSR, 1952. S. 545547.
Lomonosov M. V. Pis'mo Eyleru L., 12 fevralya 1754 g. / Per. Ya. M. Borovskogo // Lomonosov M. V. Polnoe sobranie sochineniy . T. 10: Sluzhebnye dokumenty. Pis'ma. 17341765 gg. M.; L.: Izd-vo AN SSSR, 1952. S. 500503.
Lomonosov M. V. Report prezidentu AN o naznachenii v Khimicheskuyu laboratoriyu studentov. 1750 yanvarya 19 // Lomonosov M. V. Polnoe sobranie sochineniy. T. 9: Sluzhebnye dokumenty. 17421765 gg. M.; L.: Izd-vo AN SSSR, 1955. S. 4749.
Lomonosov M. V. Rassuzhdenie ob obyazannostyakh zhurnalistov pri izlozhenii imi sochineniy, prednaznachennykh dlya podderzhaniya svobody filosofii / Per. pod redaktsiey T. P. Kravtsa // Lomonosov M. V. Polnoe sobranie sochineniy T. 3: Trudy po fizike i khimii, 17531765. M.; L.: AN SSSR, 1952. S.217232.
Lomonosov M. V. Rossiyskaya grammatika // Lomonosov M. V. Polnoe sobranie sochineniy. T. 7: Trudy po filologii 17391758 gg. M.; L.: Izd-vo AN SSSR, 1952. S. 389578.
Lomonosov M. V. Slovo pervoe o pol'ze khimii // Polnoe Sobranie Sochineniy Mikhayla Vasil'evicha Lomonosova, s pribavleniem zhizni sochinitelya i s pribavleniem mnogikh ego nigde eshche ne napechatannykh tvoreniy. Chast' tret'ya. V Sanktpeterburge, izhdiveniem Imperatorskoy Akademii Nauk 1803 goda. S.330.
Lomonosov M. V. Slovo tret'e o proiskhozhdenii sveta, novuyu teoriyu o tsvétakh predstavlyayushchee // Polnoe Sobranie Sochineniy Mikhayla Vasil'evicha Lomonosova, s pribavleniem zhizni sochinitelya i s pribavleniem mnogikh ego nigde eshche ne napechatannykh tvoreniy. Chast' tret'ya. V Sanktpeterburge, izhdiveniem Imperatorskoy Akademii Nauk 1803 goda. S.105142.
Lomonosov M. V. Sobranie raznykh sochineniy v stikhakh i proze Mikhayly Vasil'evicha Lomonosova. Izdanie novoe ispravlennoe. Chast' pervaya. SPb.: Pechatano v tipografii Shnora, 1803.
Lomonosov M. V. Yavlenie Venery na Solntse // Polnoe Sobranie Sochineniy Mikhayla Vasil'evicha Lomonosova, s pribavleniem zhizni sochinitelya i s pribavleniem mnogikh ego nigde eshche ne napechatannykh tvoreniy. Chast' tret'ya. V Sanktpeterburge, izhdiveniem Imperatorskoy Akademii Nauk 1803 goda. S.243260.
L'vovich-Kostritsa A. I. Mikhail Lomonosov: ego zhizn', nauchnaya, literaturnaya i obshchestvennaya deyatel'nost' // Lomonosov. Griboedov. Sen'kovskiy. Gertsen.: Biogr. Povestvovaniya. Chelyabinsk, 1997. S.5100.
Lyalikov K. S. Teoriya tsvetov Lomonosova // Lomonosov. Sbornik statey i materialov. T. III. M.-L.: Izdatel'stvo Akademii nauk SSSR, 1951. S.1732.
Menshutkin B. N. Mikhail Vasil'evich Lomonosov. Zhizneopisanie. 3e izdanie. Sanktpeterburg: Tipografiya Imperatorskoy Akademii Nauk, 1911. 160 s.
Moskovskiy universitet v vospominaniyakh sovremennikov. (1755-1917): Sbornik / Timkovskiy I.F., Lubyanovskiy F.P., Fonvizin D.I. i dr.; Obshchestv. redkol. serii A. N.Sakharov i dr. M.: Sovremennik, 1989. 736s. (Pamyat').
Ob uchrezhdenii Moskovskogo universiteta i dvukh gimnaziy. S prilozheniem vysochayshe utverzhdennogo proekta po semu predmetu. 1755, genvarya 24. // Moskovskiy universitet v vospominaniyakh sovremennikov: Sbornik / Sost. Yu. N. Emel'yanov. M.: Sovremennik, 1989. 735 s. (Pamyat').
Odoevskiy V. F. Russkie nochi. L.: Nauka, 1975.
Pekarskiy P. Dopolnitel'nye izvestiya dlya biografii Lomonosova // Prilozhenie k VIII tomu zapisok Imp. Akademii Nauk. 7. Sanktpeterburg: V tipografii Imperatorskoy Akademii Nauk, 1865.
Pushkin A. S. Polnoe sobranie sochineniy v desyati tomakh. T.7: Kritika i publitsistika. M.: Izdatel'stvo AN SSSR, 1958. 766 s.
Seravin L. N., Orlovskaya E. E., Karpenko A. A. Rol' mekhano-i khemoretseptsii v vybore pishchi khishchnymi infuzoryami // Dvizhenie i povedenie odnokletochnykh zhivotnykh. L: Nauka, Lenigr. otd., 1978.
Chernov S. V. Geniy kak khudozhnik, kak myslitel', kak tvorets // Psikhologiya i psikhotekhnika. Nauchno-prakticheskiy zhurnal, 2011. 1(28). S.3444.
Chernov S. V. Kniga o genial'nosti. T.1: Chelovecheskiy geniy: Priroda. Sushchnost'. Stanovlenie. Voronezh M.: ANO Institut dukhovnoy kul'tury i svobodnogo tvorchestva, 2010. 562 s.
Chernov S. V. Kontseptual'nye osnovy issledovaniya chelovecheskogo geniya // Psikhologiya i psikhotekhnika. Nauchno-prakticheskiy zhurnal, 2010. 3(18). S.4555.

Correct link to this article:
just copy this link to clipboard