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Artamoshkina, L.E. Biography as a Cultural Text: From Philosophy of the Act to Social Ontology

Published in journal "Philosophy and Culture", 2013-11 in rubric "Philosophy and culture", pages 1607-1612.

Resume: The article is devoted to conceptual grounds of biography as a cultural text. The author of the article analyzes provisions of E. Levinas social ontology, the latter being an essential method of research of biography as a cultural text. Levinas methodology allows to conduct phenomenological assessment of sociality based on the attitude to the Other. The author of the article also analyzes such terms as event, act and acting/participating thinking offered by Mikhail Bakhtin in his theory of subjectivity. The author of the present article proves that it is possible to view the above mentioned problem from the point of view of the concept of the Other and philosophy of the act. The concept of existence and co-existence offered by Mikhail Bakhtin as a method of viewing biography from the point of view of the ethic beginning. The author also concludes that Bakhtins philosophy of the act and Levinas social ontology as the main methods of analysis of biography as a cultural text. Addressing to Bakhtins and Levinas methods provide grounds for defining principles of mutual complementarity of the phenomenology of individual memory and sociology of collective memory. The author of the article also offers a strategy for analyzing biography as a cultural text.

Keywords: biography, deed, event, the Other, text, sociality, phenomenology, intersubjectivity, culture, memory.

DOI: 10.7256/1999-2793.2013.11.10073

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