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Knyazeva, E. N. Evolutionary Thinking in Science and Philosophy

Published in journal "Philosophy and Culture", 2013-11 in rubric "Frontiers and theories of knowledge", pages 1532-1542.

Resume: The development of evolutionary thinking is under consideration in the article; heuristic possibilities and possible limits for interdisciplinary synthesis of knowledge are estimated. It is justified that synthetic, integrative and holistic trends in contrast to disciplinary differentiation of science in the epoch of Modern time are predominant in science of the XXI century. Evolutionary thinking which is understood in the broadest sense of the word is based nowadays not only on the theory of biological evolution, but also on the modern theory of complex adaptive systems, network science and nonlinear dynamics. Such a form of thinking becomes a foundation of a new naturalism which allows us to formulate strategies of evolutionary, naturalistic explanations in epistemology, ethics, politics, esthetics. Taking as an example evolutionary epistemology, the author analyses its modern trends of development and demonstrates how this field meets interdisciplinary challenges of the modern scientific knowledge.

Keywords: interdisciplinarity, naturalism, non-linear, synthesis, complexity, holism, evolutionary epistemology, evolutionary thinking, evolution, emergence.

DOI: 10.7256/1999-2793.2013.11.9923

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