Published in journal "SENTENTIA. European Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences", 2013-2 in rubric "Sociology", pages 32-42.
Resume: In the modern social philosophy and ethnic sociology the different trend has become the dominant according to which nationality is the product of personality self-identification, that is a person subjective self-determination. With this approach, the criterion of nationality, as we can see, is not a traditional factor of kinship, and one of the elements of human self-consciousness. Today more and more popular is a synthetic concept of nationality. This means that the term “nationality” should, on the one hand, imply membership of a particular social and ethnic community — nation, nationality, ethnic group — and, on the other hand, be the result of subjective awareness, self-identification with this group. Socio-ethnic community, including tribe, nationality, nation, exists objectively and has such essential features as the economy, territory, way of life, vital activity, has specific transcendental characteristics (relationship to the world, mentality, ethnonym (self-designation), etc.).
Keywords: social philosophy, ethnic sociology, self-identification, confessional specificity, ethnoconfessional relations, nationalism, ethnicization, ethnic group, Russian Orthodox church, “Islamic banking”.
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