Читать статью 'The phenomenon of spirit in philosophical understanding of man' в журнале SENTENTIA. European Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences на сайте nbpublish.com
Рус Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 1697,   Articles in work: 298 Declined articles: 360 
Your profile

Gurevich, P. S. The phenomenon of spirit in philosophical understanding of man

Published in journal "SENTENTIA. European Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences", 2013-1 in rubric "Philosophy", pages 4-842.

Resume: There is a widespread opinion that philosophical anthropology is a field of knowledge about the origin, history and content of culture. This statement is only partially true. Culture is demonstrative of a certain way of being. Many anthropologists and cultural scientists do not set themselves the task of finding out why man is as he is, what is his existential reality, in which his determined originality is manifested. Reduction of the whole problem of man to description of culture would mean disregard of the principal side of the question: what determines the cultural essence of man? The integrity of philosophical anthropology distinguishes it from other disciplines that study man in one particular aspect. Philosophical anthropologists wish to grasp, at least, the live wholeness of a person, his concrete «I». Philosophical anthropology more decisively than, say, gestalt psychology finds in man configurations and behaviours that are impossible to split and put to the final analysis. Spirituality is undoubtedly among the basic human existentials. The notion of «spirit» in philosophical anthropology has a long and peculiar history. Since time immemorial, freedom, reflection, spirit were considered to be man’s essential qualities. Spirit is man’s highest ability permitting him to become a subject of meaning-setting, personal self-determination, conscious transformation of reality. We, people, are the present existence, consciousness in general and spirit, that is the ideasdriven wholeness of comprehensible relationships in ourselves and in all that we have created, done and thought.

Keywords: philosophical anthropology, man, culture, human existentials, spirit, existence, meaning, wholeness, psyche, memory.

DOI: 10.7256/1339-3057.2013.1.8932

This article can be downloaded freely in PDF format for reading. Download article

1. Adler, A. Nauka o kharakterakh: ponyat’ prirodu cheloveka [The science of character:
understanding human nature]. M., 2013.
2. Buber, M. The Problem of Man, p. 148 // Buber M. Two Types of Faith. Мoscow, 1995.
3. Kant, I. Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View // Kant I. Coll. works in 8 vols.
Moscow, 1994. Vol. 7. P. 137-372.
4. Kant, I. Critique of Pure Reason // Kant I. Coll. works in 8 vols. M., 1994. Vol. 3. P. 5-707.
5. Hegel, G.W.F. The Philosophy of Religion: In 2 vols. M., 1975. Vol. 2.
6. Hegel, G.W.F. Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences: In 3 vols. M., 1977. Vol. 2.
7. Spektr antropologicheskikh ucheniy [The spectrum of anthropological doctrines]. Issue 4 /
Ed.-in-chief P.S. Gurevich. M.: Institute of Philosophy RAS, 2012.
8. Barrow, J.D., Tipler, F.J. The Anthropic Cosmological Principle. Oxford, 2005.
9. Agassi, J. Towards a rational philosophical anthropology. The Hague: Nijhoff, 1977.
10. Skinner, B.F. About Behaviorism. New York, 1994.
11. Emerson, Caryl. The first Hundred Years of Bakhtin. Princeton, 2008.
12. Woolfson, M. Time, Space, Stars and Man. Singapore: World Scientific, 2013.
13. Spirova, E.M. Phenomenon of Spirit in Philosophical Anthropology, 2013. № 1. C. 26-34.
DOI: 10.7256/ 2070-8955.2013.01.4.
14. Gurevich, P.S. Status of Philosophical Anthropology, 2011. № 8. C. 4-6.

Correct link to this article:
just copy this link to clipboard