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Gurevich, P. S. Philosophical Traditions of Understanding Human

Published in journal "Philosophy and Culture", 2013-2 , pages 141-143.

Resume: Philosophical understanding of human has a long history. The human issue did not appear in philosophy right away but it does not mean that the question about the essence and meaning of human existence has been asked only by modern philosophers. However, the concept and image of human have changed with time. Philosophers viewed human quite differently at different epochs. During Antique times, for instance, human viewed himself as the element of the existing order defining human existence. Eternal and cosmic elements as well as the objective purpose and universal norms stay above the subjective-voluntaristic ephemeral elements.

Keywords: philosophy, microcosm, human, gnostic human, Christianity, cosmos, Antique times, anthropological question, mind.

DOI: 10.7256/1999-2793.2013.02.1

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