Ðóñ Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 1937,   Articles in work: 340 Declined articles: 647 
Library

Samotovinsky, D. V. Struggle for Eschatology in Europe During XVI Century: French Philosopher, Theologist and Astrologist Richard Roussat Against Reformation Apocalypticism

Published in journal "Philosophy and Culture", 2012-10 , pages 133-139.

Resume: The article is devoted to the opinion of a catholic philosopher Roussat on the modern age and the future from the point of view of eschatology. The author shows anti-reformation orientation of Roussat’s eschatological conception. Roussat’s thoughts about the end of times were based on the Medieval tradition of thought (Roger Bacon, d’Ailly and others) that suggested an interesting synthesis of orthodox eschatology and astrology. Using astrology, Roussat made an attempt to discredit apocalypticism typical for different Reformation tendencies and to create an alternative eschatological perspective. From that perspective, apocalypses is moved from the nearest future to the distant future and thus loses its significance. As a result, the entire eschatological logic of Reformation was questioned because it viewed those ages as the ‘last times’, the Antichrist epoch and a fast outcome. The study of Roussat’s works provides additional facts proving that the distance of eschatological expectations was a specific tendency typical for the catholic perception of the world during Reformation.

Keywords: cultural research, astrology, apocalypticism, eschatology, anabaptism, millennialism, Antichrist, Reformation, Catholicism, theology.

This article can be downloaded freely in PDF format for reading. Download article

Bibliography:
1. Barnes R. Images of Hope and Despair: Western Apocalypticism ca. 1500-1800 // The Continuum History of
Apocalypticism / Ed. by B. McGinn, J. J. Collins, S. J. Stein. New York: Continuum International Publishing
Group, 2003. P. 323-353.
2. Baumgartner F. J. Longing for the End: A History of Millennialism in Western Civilization. New York:
Palgrave Macmillan, 2001.
3. Clark S. Thinking with demons: the idea of witchcraft in early modern Europe. Oxford; New York: Oxford
University Press, 1999.
4. Cottret B. Calvin: A Biography / Tr. by M. Wallace McDonald. Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 2003.
5. Crouzet D. Les guerriers de Dieu: la violence au temps des troubles de religion, vers 1525 — vers 1610.
Seyssel: Champ Vallon, 2005.
6. Cunningham A., Grell O. P. The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse: religion, war, famine, and death in
Reformation Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
7. Delumeau J. La peur en Occident, XVI-e — XVIII-e siècles: une cité assiégée. Paris: Le livre de poche, 1980.
8. Grisar H. Luther: 5 vols / Tr. by E. M. Lamond. London, 1913-1916. Vol. 5. 1916.
9. La Croix du Maine F. de, Du Verdier A. Les bibliothéques françoises de La Croix du Maine et de Du Verdier,
sieur de Vauprivas: en 6 t. / Ed. par M. Rigoley de Juvigny. Paris: chez Saillant & Nyon; Michel Lambert,
1772. T. 2.
10. Leoni E. Nostradamus and His Prophecies. Mineola; New York: Dover Publications, 2000.
11. Mills J. A. Control: A History of Behavioral Psychology. New York: NYU Press, 2000.
12. Oberman H. A. The Reformation: Roots and Ramifications. New York: T&T Clark, 2004.
13. Peach T. Un astrologue anti-luthérien en 1531. Pierre Turrel, Le période du monde // Bulletin de l’Association
d’étude sur l’humanisme, la réforme et la renaissance. 2002. Vol. 55.
14. Roussat R. Livre de l’estat et mutation des temps, prouvant par authoritez de l’Escripture saincte & par
raisons astrologales, la fin du monde estre prochaine. Lyon: chez Guillaume Rouillé, 1550.
15. Rus M. De la conception à l’au-delà: textes et documents français d’un siècle qui n’en est pas un (1450-1550)
Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1995.
16. Smoller L. Apocalyptic Calculators of the Later Middle Ages // Knowing the Time, Knowing of a Time. 3rd
Annual Conference of the Center for Millennial Studies, Boston University, December 6-8. 1998. Boston,
1998. P. 1-8. URL: http://www.bu.edu/mille/publications/Confpro98/SMOLLER.PDF.
17. Taylor L. The Influence of Humanism on Post-Reformation Catholic Preachers in France // Renaissance
Quarterly. 1997. Vol. 50. ¹ 1. P. 119-135.

Correct link to this article:
just copy this link to clipboard