'Words of Love: Eros, Philia, Agape' Philosophy and Culture nbpublish.com
Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 1856,   Articles in work: 390 Declined articles: 397 

Apresyan, R. G. Words of Love: Eros, Philia, Agape

Published in journal "Philosophy and Culture", 2012-8 in rubric "Hermeneutics", pages 27-40.

Resume: On the basis of the contextual and semantic analysis of Ancient Greek words: eros, philia, agape (based on mythology, philosophy and Scripture the author makes the following conclusion: if we take into account that language practices were different at different epochs (classical Ancient World, late Hellenistic Greece, early Christianity) and in the first place those differences were related to knowledge, then a frequent supposition that there are different words denoting love in the Greek language is some kind of a semantic myth. There was no such a Greek language which would actually differentiate these terms. Copresence of these words, although they seem to be so much differentiated in their meaning, does not go beyond the frames of general dictionaries.

Keywords: philosophy, cultural studies, love, eros, phili, agape, Adar, semantics.

This article can be downloaded freely in PDF format for reading. Download article

1. Aristotel'. Metafizika. 984b 27 // Aristotel'. Soch. v 4 t. T. 1 / Red V.F. Asmus. M.: Mysl', 1975.
2. Aristotel'. Ritorika / Per. s grech. N. Platonovoy // Grecheskie ritoriki / Pod red. A.A. Takho-Godi.
M.: Izd-vo MGU, 1978.
3. Aristotelis. Ars Rhetorica / Ed. A. Roemer. Lipsiae [Leipzig]: Aedibus B.G. Teubneri, 1898.
4. Bibliya.
5. Braginskaya N.V. Otkuda u Erota kryl'ya // Elektronnyy resurs, http://ivgi.rsuh.ru/binary/
6. Gesiod. Teogoniya / Per. V.V. Veresaeva.
7. Gomer. Iliada / Per. N.I. Gnedicha.
8. Gomer. Odisseya / Per. V.V. Veresaeva. The Odyssey / With an English Translation by A.T. Murray, PH.D.
In 2 vol. Cambridge, MA.: Harvard University Press; London: William Heinemann, Ltd. 1919.
9. Diogen Laertskiy. O zhizni, ucheniyakh i izrecheniyakh znamenitykh filosofov [III, 81] / Per.
M.L. Gasparova; Obshch. red. i vstupit. st. A.F. Loseva. M.: Mysl', 1979. Διογένης Λαέρτιος. Βίοι καὶ
γνῶμαι τῶν ἐν φιλοσοφίᾳ εὐδοκιμησάντων / Ed. H.S. Long. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1964.
10. Ksenofont. Sokraticheskie sochineniya / Per. i primech. S.I. Sobolevskogo. SPb.: Komplekt, 1993.
11. Platon. Gosudarstvo / Per. A.N. Egunova // Platon. Soch. v 3 t. T. 3. Ch. 1 / Red. V.F. Asmus. M.: Mysl',
12. Platon. Kratil // Platon. Soch. v 4 t. T. 1. M.: Mysl', 1990.
13. Platon. Lisid // Platon. Soch.: v 4 t. T. 1 / Obshch. red. A.F. Losev, V.F. Asmusa, A.A. Takho-Godi. M.:
Mysl', 1990.
14. Platon. Fedr // Platon. Soch.: V 3 t. T. 2 / Red. A.F. Losev. M.: Mysl', 1970.
15. Tomson Dzh. Issledovaniya po istorii drevnegrecheskogo obshchestva. Doistoricheskiy egeyskiy mir /
Per. s angl. Pod red. M.O. Kosvena. M.: Izd-vo inostrannoy literatury, 1958.
16. Florenskiy P.A. Stolp i utverzhdenie istiny // Florenskiy P.A. Soch. v 2 t. T.1 (1). M.: Pravda, 1990.
17. Fragmenty rannikh grecheskikh filosofov. Ch. I: Ot epicheskikh teokosmogoniy do vozniknoveniya ato-
mistiki / Izdanie podgotovil A.V. Lebedev. M.: Nauka, 1989.
18. Fromm E. Chelovek dlya samogo sebya / Per. E.A. Zhukovoy // Fromm E. Psikhoanaliz i etika. M.: Re-
spublika, 1993.
19. Shokhin A.V. Maytri // Novaya filosofskaya entsiklopediya: V 4 t. / Pod red. V.S. Stepina, A.A. Gusey-
nova, A.P. Ogurtsova, G.Yu. Semigina. T. 2. M.: Mysl', 2001.
20. Yamvlikh Khalkidskiy. Zhizn' Pifagora / Per. s dr. grech. i komm. V.B. Chernigovskogo. M.: Aleteya;
Novyy Akropol', 1998.
21. A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. In 3 vol / W. Smith. Vol. 1. London. Taylor
and Walton; John Murray, 1864.
22. Ackroyd P.R. The Verb Love: ʾāhēb in the David-Jonathan Narratives: A Footnote // Vetus Testamentum.
1975. Vol. 25. 2.
23. Annas J. Plato and Aristotle on Friendship and Altruism // Mind, New Series. 1977. Vol. 86. 344.
24. Bayliss D. Bible Exposition, http://www.dabhand.org.
25. Biblos: Search, Read, Study the Bible in Many Languages: Veb-resurs, http://biblos.com/.
26. Bullinger E.W. A Critical Lexicon and Concordance to the English and Greek New Testament: Together
With an Index of Greek Words, and Several Appendices [1908]. Grand Rapids (USA): Kregel Academic &
Professional, 1999.
27. Cummins W.J. Eros, Epithumia, and Philia in Plato // Apeiron: A Journal for Ancient Philosophy
and Science. 1981. Vol. 15. 1.
28. Hard R. The Routledge Handbook of Greek Mythology: (Based on H.J. Roses Handbook of Greek Mythology).
London: Routledge, 2004.
29. Hyatte R. The Arts of Friendship: the Idealization of Friendship in Medieval and Early Renaissance Literature.
Leiden: Brill, 1994.
30. Hyland D.A. ῎Ερως, ᾿Επιθυμία, and Φιλία in Plato // Phronesis, 1968. Vol. 13. 1.
31. MacGregor G. Dictionary of Religion and Philosophy. New York: Paragon House, 1989. Iannone A.P.
Dictionary of World Philosophy. London; New York: Routledge, 2001.
32. McKay J.W. Mans Love for God in Deuteronomy and the Father/Teacher Son/Pupil Relationship //
Vetus Testamentum. 1972. Vol. 22. 4.
33. Mollenkott V.R. The Divine Feminine: The Biblical Imagery of God as Female. New York: Crossroad,
34. New American Standard Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible: Hebrew-Aramaic and Greek Dictionaries.
La Habra (Calif): The Lockman Foundation, 1998.
35. Nygren A. Agape and Eros / Transl. by P. Watson. Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, 1953.
36. Strongs Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible: Updated and Expanded Edition. Peabody: Hendrickson
Publishers, 2007.
37. The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia: In 4 vol. Vol. 1 / Eds. G.W. Bromiley, E.F. Harrison,
R.K. Harrison, W.S. Lasor, L.T. Geraty, E.W. Smith. Grand Rapids, MI: W.B. Eerdmans, 1979.
38. The New Strongs Complete Dictionary of Bible Words. Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1996.
39. Theoi Greek Mythology: Exploring Mythology in Classical Literature and Art: Veb-resurs / Created and
edited by A. J. Atsma, http://www.theoi.com/.
40. Trible P. God and the Rhetoric of Sexuality. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1978.

Correct link to this article:
just copy this link to clipboard