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Granin, R. S. Problem of Objectivization in Nikolay Berdyaev’s Philosophy

Published in journal "Philosophy and Culture", 2012-4 , pages 6-13.

Resume: The article is devoted to Nikolay Berdyaev’s philosophy of spirit developed as part of his existential metaphysics evolving around the relationship between existence of spirit and world existence, between the numismatic and phenomenal. Based on Berdyaev, this is the objective function of human consciousness which makes the form of such a relationship. The objective function of human consciousness hypostatizes the mind constructs (universals and substances) and then socializes them, after which they gain a universally binding meaning and their own existence. Berdyaev saw the struggle against the power of spirit objectivization as a transcendent coming out of the borders of the phenomenal cause-and-effect world into the reality of the pre-existence freedom — existential.

Keywords: philosophy, reality, existentialism, realization, objectivization, symbolization, antinomy, eschatology, utopia, initiation.

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