Published in journal "History magazine: researches", 2012-1 in rubric "EVOLUTION, REFORM, REVOLUTION", pages 57-68.
Resume: the article studies the role of the Life peerages Act 1958 in means of the House of Lords of the British parliament reform in order to make it more effective element of the legislative system. It analyses the specific moments of preparation and discussion of the reformation plan, advantages and disadvantages of the different plans, offered by representatives of the ruling party and opposition. The main attention is driven to the parliamentary debates and attitude of the leading political UK forces and public associations towards the Act. Author gives en evaluation of the impact made by the Act acceptance on changing the membership of the House of Lords and quality of its work, determines the nature of the reform and its relationship with previous attempts to modernize the House of Lords.
Keywords: history, reformation of the House of Lords, the Conservative Party, the Labour Party, the parliamentary debates, the cabinet, opposition, life peerages, the Marquis of Salisbury, “the guests of the backwoods”.
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