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Alekhina, E. V. Human-within-the-world: russian religious philosophers about the meaning of the universal existence.

Published in journal "Philosophy and Culture", 2011-2 , pages 30-41.

Resume: The article studies a religious approach to the problem of the meaning of the universal existence and human earthly life. This approach insists on the spiritual basis of the Universe, uniqueness and absolute value of life, heavenly origin of life and divine destiny of a human. The meaning of human life is mainly connected with the answer to the question about the origin of the world, with the problem of the arche and understanding of the basic principles of the Universe and hierarchy of the visible world. For Russian philosophers creationism became the basis of understanding the Universe. Creationism opposed to evolutionism, in other words, it suggested the transcendental instead of the immanent principle (approach) to understanding of the Universe. This and other scenarios of how the Universe and Human were born contain (or do not contain) the purpose, meaning of the Universe and earthly life of Human.

Keywords: philosophy, Russian religious philosophy, life, death, cosmology, evolutionism, creationism, meaning of life, ontology, anthropology

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