I.K. Asadullaev, M.I. Ilolov Contra Descartes. Antecedents and Universality
of Faith and Reason// SENTENTIA. European Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences
. – 2014. – ¹ 1.
– P. 4 - 8.
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Review: In this article we attempt to demonstrate the initial coherence of faith and reason that
cannot exist one without the other. Faith cannot be without the perception of reason, reason is
based on faith. We contemplate faith not only as a religion, but more broadly, as universal for human
beings. It involves not only faith in God, the Koran, Bible or other kinds of Holy Scripts, but also faith
in ideals, faith between people, states, faith in future, etc. Firstly, we concentrate on the primary
universality, restricted coherence of these phenomena in the life of a human being and mankind. This
has been considered a great deal; however, we are interested in the impossibility of the existence of
faith without reason and reason without faith.When subjectivist, Berkley, states that only sensation
exists, but not objects, he is positive about it, he believes in his primary cognition. Similarly, when
dialectic materialists make claims about the objective existence of the world and objects, they have
an absolute faith in their primary cognition. To prove this they use practice as a criterion of the
realness of what they say. In their primary cognition they also believe, though absolutely, in the
realness of this judgment. Primary cognition based on faith in the self, can be obvious, or latent, or
unobvious in the form of absolute assurance. That is to say, faith, trust in the self, even in our own
doubts, are primary cognition for a human being. Misfaith in the self, our own senses and judgments
is based on primary trust-faith in the rightness of such an attitude to them. When Rene Descartes
says: «cogito ergo sum» – «I think therefore I am «, from this epoch of new science and ever after
«cogito» (think) it was believed the first reliable cognition (act of faith and mind) primary is his faith
in the realness of thought, faith-cognition (initial act of mind). Often this is not acknowledged. Faith
in the realness of thought, as an initial act of thought, precedes the thinking process or occurs at one
time. However, if faith-cognition is concurrent, it still precedes by substance, if not by time. This logic
was first introduced by Ibn Sina (Avicenna) in a different aspect.
Keywords: Contra Descartes, Faith, Reason, philosophy, theology, rationalism, universal, primary, science, religion.