The specificity of lifestyle of the individuals with different type of life scenario
// Psychology and Psychotechnics. – 2021. – є 1.
– P. 32-41.
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Abstract: This article is dedicated to examination of the specificity of assessment of the individuals with different type of life scenario. Having compared the patterns of worldview and manifestations of life scenario of the individual, the author considers the latter as a component of in-depth structures of worldview, reflected on the level of semantic structures associated with the implementation of scenario in form of the specificity of assessment of respondents. One of the manifestations of life scenario of the individual in semantic structures is the specificity of assessment of their lifestyle. Since lifestyle represents a system of activities the person is engaged in, and life scenario by definition is related with saturation of subjective time with different ways of pastime, the process of realization of life scenario depends on the specifics of the content of lifestyle as a system of activities. The empirical research is conducted on the basis of specifically developed questionnaire; the three groups of respondents with different type of life scenario were formed. The respondents were offered to assess their lifestyle using a specialized semantic differential. The obtained data was processed via the method of semantic universals. The acquired results indicate that the descriptors included in the semantic universals of the assessment of lifestyle correspond to the type of life scenario of the individual. The groups of respondents with different type of life scenario demonstrate a various degree of in-group similarity in assessments of their lifestyle. Therefore, the specificity of lifestyle assessment is one of the manifestations of life scenario of the individual.
Keywords: semantic structures, image of the world, meaning, psychology of subjective semantics, psychosemantics, lifestyle, type of the life script, life script, semantic universalities, semantic differential
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Psychoanalytical Approach to the Lexical Meaning of a Word
// Psychology and Psychotechnics. – 2016. – є 12.
– P. 998-1010.
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Abstract: The subject of the research is the lexical analysis of human speech as well as literary texts from the point of view of the psychoanalytical approach. The author of the article bases his research on the concept of unconcious offered by Freud. The author makes a hypothesis that if the major part of our activity is defined by unconscious elements, then words said or written should be the brightest manifestation of our motives and desires. The author offers to use psycholinguistic categories and concepts (indexation of key words, set of key words and etc.) to carry out a psychoanalytical analysis of speech and texts. Our unconscious speaks itself through speech and creative writing despite critics of our conscious. The author gives examples of such unconscious words that may be used to create a psychological portrait of a person. With time, psychoanalysis has defined wide and deep connections with other research methods such as natural science observation, physical check-up, psychological experiement, anthropological field researches and historical researches. Psychoanalysis cn be also completed with the method of the lexical analysis of speech and texts that are found in all the elements of the psychoanalytical session triad: therapeutical contant, conceptual project and systemic self-analysis. The main conclusion of the research is that the lexical analysis of speech and texts can define words that come from the depth of our unconscious and these are not just slips of the tongue described by freud but also unconsciously said words that characterise one's true motives, desires, thoughts and actions. Such unconscious key words may describe not only one individual but also define psychological states of a certain nation or ethos.
Keywords: keyword, psycholinguistics, Non-verbal, Verbal, unconscious, psychoanalysis, dominant, lexical analysis, slip, universal-subject code
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