Matsuta V.V., Kiselev P.B., Feshchenko A.V., Goiko V.L..
Analysing the Potential of Social Networks to Discover Gifted Senior High School Students
// Psychology and Psychotechnics. – 2017. – є 4.
– P. 104-121.
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Abstract: The article is devoted to evaluating opportunities of the social network Vkontakte to define senior school students' psychological traits and interests that are important for defining giftedness. The rationale of the research is caused by the request of the region's government to provide a high level of education of future students and achievement of good success of senior school students in admission to universities. The region's government is also interested in seeking and attracting gifted senior high school students as their potentials enrollees. Giftedness is defined as the combination of intellect, creativity, motivation and personality traits. The research methods include psychological tests (Career Guidance Inventory), analysis of academic success, structure and contents of network profiles, content analysis, percentile normalisation, computer-aided learning (binary classification, and Support Vector Machine). The research involved 1692 people, 969 young women and 723 young men who studied at a high school in Tomsk. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the authors analyse social network users to define their giftedness. Computer-aided learning that allows to cover a bigger number of respondents and features gives an opportunity to identify respondents with a high level of development of particular psychological features (giftedness components) and define connections between this level and attribution to social network communities. Gifted seniors are rather open and contactable on social media platforms. Young women are oriented at learning, social and commercial communities, young men are interested in advertising and learning communities. Young women make posts and reposts to inform, advertise and motivate. Young men do that to inform and advertise.
Keywords: psychological testing, profile analysis, big data analysis, machine learning, binary classification, support vector machine, senior high school students, social networks, psychological characteristics, giftedness
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Garanina A.V., Polyakov A.S..
The Role of Psychological Defense for Department of Internal Affairs Officers with Low Empathic Ability
// Psychology and Psychotechnics. – 2017. – є 2.
– P. 88-95.
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Abstract: The objective of the research is to study psychological defense of Department of Internal Affairs officers with the different levels of empathy. The object of the research is the personality traits of Department of Internal Affairs officers. The subject of the research is psychological defense of Department of Internal Affairs officers and their levels of empathy. The authors of the article view empathy as an important element in professional activity of Department of Internal Affairs officers that has a positive influence on successful performance of labor functions by employees and negative impact on Department of Internal Affairs officers' mental helth causing the professional burnout syndrome. The authors emphasize the important role of psychological defense mechanisms as decreasing negative impacts on Department of Internal Affairs officers and reducing the level of professional stress. Results of the research prove that domination of certain types of psychological defense mechanisms depends on the empathy level of Department of Internal Affairs officers. Empirical methods of the research include two psychodiagnostic techniques: Empathic Ability Inventory offered by Viktor Boyko; and Life Style Index by Plutchik, Kellerman and Conte . The main conclusions of the research are the statements that Department of Internal Affairs officers demonstrate a significant correlation between their empathic ability level and efficiency of their psychological defense mechanisms and that officers with low empathic ability tend to use such defense mechanisms as regression, projection and intellectualisation. Psychological defense mechanisms help to reduce the effect of inductive stimulus on the mental health of Department of Internal Affairs officers.
Keywords: professional deformation, primary psychological defense, rationalization, psychological defense, empathy, Department of Internal Affairs officers, communication, emotions, extramental processes, psychological research
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// Psychology and Psychotechnics. – 2016. – є 9.
– P. 794-801.
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Abstract: The author studies the phenomenon of game in terms of anthropology. Philosophers and cultural researchers quite often appeal to the phenomenon of game as one of the most mysterious and at the same time important phenomena of human life. The author of the present article focuses on the grounds and importance of human game that allows an individual to escape from his or her everyday life into the fantasy world. The author analyzes the phenomenon of game as the way to enrich and expand the reality. Games are there in all the aspects of human life. The phenomenon of game is studies in terms of philosophical anthropology as well as psychology, aesthetics and cultural research. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author views the phenomenon of game from the point of view of modern tendencies such as pragmatism, hyperrealism, and consumer society. In a serious and business-life world human tries to escape to his or her fantasy world even more often than before. The author notes that such phenomena of human life as life, death and labour do not only have elements of game but start to be like a game themselves. The author also analyzes negative transformations of game, in particular, it acquires elements of everyday life, blends with reality and loses its distinctive nature. According to the author, modern game loses its sacred spiritual meaning.
Keywords: anthropology, life, existence, culture, society, fantasy, reality, game, human, psychology
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