The Problem of Migration in Politological Analysis
// Politics and Society. – 2015. – ¹ 8.
– P. 1032-1043.
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Abstract: The article considers the peculiarities of the notion of migration in the politogical context, where the author suggests to consider the major approaches to the notions of migration and migration process in academic literature, in order to specify their politilogical context. The object of the research is migration in the scientific context. The analysis of the topic implies comparative consideration of the notions "migration politics" and "state migration policy", which are interpreted differently by the author, which characterises the subjective area of the research. The relevance of the study is based on the fact that migration is a global phenomenon that takes place in the XXI century and is influenced by many heterogenous factors. Such phenomena, connected with migration, comprise a content-wise complicated complex of issues that is to be conceived. Theoretical and methodological bases of the study include concepts contained in the academic works of Russian and foreign researchers specialising in the considered area, both from the point of view of interdisciplinary knowledge and that of the research tools of political science, especially systems, institutional, communicative, ethnic-political approaches. The scientific novelty lies in the fact that the article systematises main conceptual approaches to the field of migration and political-governmental impact on migration processes. The article formulates the author's clarifying understanding of the correlation of the notions "migration", "migration politics", "state migration policy".
To sum up, it can be stated that this complex generates demographic, anthropological, economic, legal, sociological, psychological, cultural, ethnological, religious tasks. In this area politological knowledge is of high importance, as migration, due to its mass and trans-border nature, cannot have no significance from the point of view of the political life of the society. The relations between migration processes and politics are closely related. Any migration demands political reaction and is considered as an object of power and government. The problem of migration, influencing the general situation in host countries and affecting the interests of the citizens of these countries, creates multiple claims of the autochtonous population and expat communities and impacts the political process and the political environment in general.
Keywords: allocation, multiculturalism, adaptation, political science, state migration policy, migration politics, migration process, migration, endomigration, exomigration
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