Legitimation of political power: myths of the Russian politics
// Politics and Society. – 2019. – ¹ 6.
– P. 55-66.
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Abstract: Scientific interest towards legitimation of political power is caused by paradoxical behavior of the Russian society over the recent years, which on the background of crisis consequences in economic sphere, demonstrates high degree of trust to the conducted of political course of the Russian government. Therefore, the goal of this research is the consideration of fundamental factors affecting the legitimation of political power in modern Russia. The subject of this article is the substantive attributes characterizing legitimation of political power within Russian society at the current stage of development. Methodology leans on the phenomenological approach that mainstreams the realities of everyday life. It suggests that the focus of attention is aimed at the political processes within the framework of actual social practice. The article proves that in the Russian society legitimation takes place in the context of mythological perception of political sphere, processes and actors. The author analyzes and substantiates the correlation between the prevalent in the social space “heroic” political myth and legitimation of the political elite. The drawn conclusions signify the results and consequences of the political mythmaking for the economic and social spheres of life.
Keywords: liberal, a political label, modern political culture, traditional values, political myth, traditional society, legitimating of power, patriot, heroic myth, political ideal
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Comparative analysis of the concept of power in the philosophy of Alexandre Kojève and Carl Schmitt
// Politics and Society. – 2018. – ¹ 10.
– P. 18-25.
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Abstract: The subject of this research is the problem of correlation between the concept and types of power in the works of two thinkers – Alexandre Kojève and Carl Schmitt. The methodological discrepancy in the works of these political theoreticians is revealed. The author suggests not only the formulated by the philosophers list of the types of power, but also finds the intersecting points in their representations on power for the purpose of unification of their approaches and acquiring certain synthetic typology of power. Special attention is given to the historical and contemporary examples that demonstrate the difference in understanding the various types of governing. The scientific novelty is defined by the fact that this article is first to provide a comprehensive comparative analysis of the two thinkers who differ in their methodological component. Comparing the four types of power, the author also suggests a certain synthetic theoretical construct, within the framework of which the pure types of power of A. Kojève are supported by representations on the basic styles of government administration by C. Schmitt.
Keywords: political theory, political regime, legality, legitimacy, power, Carl Schmitt, Alexandre Kojève, political philosophy, subject of power, state
Shmitt K. Politicheskaya teologiya / Per. s nem. Zaklyuchit. stat'ya i sostavlenie A. Filippova - M.: .KANON-press-Ts.,2000.- 336 s.
Feygel'man A. M. Chelovek kak sub'ekt negativnosti v kontseptsii ontologicheskogo dualizma A. Kozheva // Vestnik Nizhegorodskogo universiteta im. N.I.Lobachevskogo. Seriya: Sotsial'nye nauki.-2012.-¹2 (26).- S. 170-176
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Symbolic resources of the modern political leadership: relevance of the concept of Murray Edelman
// Politics and Society. – 2018. – ¹ 3.
– P. 5-15.
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Abstract: This article examines the main types of symbolic resources of the modern political leadership. Having analyzed the concept of the renowned American political scientist Murray Edelman alongside the works of other contemporary researchers, the author demonstrates the correlation between he manipulative, symbolic-ritual, and cognitive aspects of the democratic institutions and practices. The symbolic resources and mechanisms of political leadership are considered in detail. Particular attention is given to the analysis of the impact of globalization upon the symbolic mechanisms of the modern political leadership, as well as the question of targeted influence of the government and its representatives upon the public consciousness, using of symbolic forms. Theoretical-methodological foundation of this work consists in the theory of symbolic politics of M. Edelman, which critical analysis allowed determining the level of heuristic value of this theory for studying the modern political leadership. In the course of this analysis the author also referred to the sociological data of Levada Center and Russian Public Opinion Research Center, as well as attracted the empirical material from mass media. In conclusion, the author define the following resources of political leadership in modern society: language, ritual, environment and collective historical memory; while the mechanisms are the formation of identities and symbolic politics with regards to the national holidays. The author underlines the increasing influence of the global political processes upon the symbolic legitimation of leadership.
Keywords: mechanisms of political leadership, ritualized conflict, symbolic conflict, leadership styles, political identity, political language, political ritual, symbolic politics, political leadership, democracy
Levada-Tsentr. Opros: uroven' simpatii i doveriya k Putinu blizok k rekordnomu – 2014. – [Elektronnyy dokument]. – URL: https://www.levada.ru/2014/04/17/opros-uroven-simpatii-i-doveriya-k-putinu-blizok-k-rekordnomu/.
Levada-Tsentr. Nadolgo li khvatit radosti ot prisoedineniya Kryma? – 2014. – [Elektronnyy dokument]. – URL: https://www.levada.ru/2014/04/09/nadolgo-li-hvatit-radosti-ot-prisoedineniya-kryma/print/.
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Levada-Tsentr. Vladimir Putin vykhodit iz doveriya. Polovina grazhdan ne khochet, chtoby on shel na chetvertyy srok – 2012. – [Elektronnyy dokument]. – URL: https://www.levada.ru/2012/08/24/vladimir-putin-vyhodit-iz-doveriya-polovina-grazhdan-ne-hochet-chtoby-on-shel-na-chetvertyj-srok/.
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The meaning of Russian political traditions as a source of power in the process of initiation of political communication
// Politics and Society. – 2017. – ¹ 12.
– P. 8-15.
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Abstract: The subject of this research is the Russian political traditions turned into government resources as one of the ways for creating political communication. The object is the examination of the role of Russia’s political traditions during the post-Soviet period. The author meticulously reviews such aspects as the importance of political traditions in the process of establishing political communication. Particular attention is paid to examination pf the proper choice of tradition as the resources of government for converting communication from the customary monologue into the dialogue, or even polylogue. Using the methods of comparison, historical-genetic, and retrospective analysis, the author was able to identify the traditions and demonstrate their current implementation. The main conclusion implies that the process of political communication becomes successful if one of the resources of formation of the agenda is the traditions capable of inducing the response of the recipients. Author’s special contribution into this research consists in revealing the importance in the process of initiation by the government of political communication not only stated by the law methods, but also the settled elements of political culture. The scientific novelty lies in determination of correlation between the flexible political communication and practically unchanged political traditions.
Keywords: method of communication, language of communication, achievement of the goal, efficiency, tradition as a resource, political dialogue, political communication, political traditions, channels of communication, government resources
Poslanie Prezidenta RF Federal'nomu Sobraniyu ot 24.02.1994 «Ob ukreplenii Rossiyskogo gosudarstva (osnovnye napravleniya vnutrenney i vneshney politiki)». – Dostup: http://ppt.ru/newstext.phtml?id=31305 (provereno 3.01.2017).
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Lobbying in the United States: key principles of activity
// Politics and Society. – 2017. – ¹ 2.
– P. 19-25.
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Abstract: The subject of this research is the system of legal regulation of lobbying activity in the conditions of modern society. However, its political and institutional arrangement depends on the peculiarities of this political system – the established political culture, level of development of the legal system, political traditions, rules in relationships between state and business, level of democratization of the political process. The object of this article is the members of congress, members of presidential administration, servants of the ministries and departments of the United States, officials and deputies of the state level, municipal officials, etc. The main aspects of lobbying in the United States in priority order are the following: a) impact upon the tax policy; b) receiving of the budgetary appropriation; c) impact upon the legislative activity; d) relationship with the regulatory agencies; f) promotion of customer’s products at the market of state procurement. With the expansion of government apparatus and increase in the cost of electoral campaigns, the politicians and officials are more dependable on financial and organizational support of the population. In the United States of the early XXI century, it means the growth in demand for the competent lobbyists. But in a paradoxical way, not always it leads to the financial prosperity of the lobbyists themselves.
Keywords: state, Congress, fiscal policy, federal agency, business lobby, media company, public relations, lobbying, food security, immigration reform
Lowi, Theodore, Benjamin Ginsberg. American Government: Freedom and Power. N.Y. 2000. R. 515.
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Report on the Registration of Lobbyist. Constitutional and Parliamentary Information published by Association of Secretaries General of Parliaments under auspice of the Inter-Parliamentary Union. Geneva, series ¹2 154, second Quarter 1988. R. 12.
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Derkach, M. A..
Extreme Right Parties in the Seventh
and Eighth European Parliament
// Politics and Society. – 2014. – ¹ 8.
– P. 972-981.
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Abstract: The subject under research is the modern European extreme right parties that have achieved their representation
in the seventh and eighth European Parliament. The choice of the research subject is determined by the
fact that under the present growth of popularity of extreme right parties in Europe, most researches devoted to their
electoral results are focused on studying these parties in terms of their activity at the national and, rarely, municipal
levels, while the activity of these political forces at the general European level including that in the European Parliament
is practically left without analysis. Using the comparative method, M. Derkach analyzes the results of their
elections to the European Parliament in 2009 and 2014 as well as their coalition policy, i.e. participation in formation
of the deputy group of the European Parliament. The author concludes that elections of 2014 did not demonstrate
a signifi cant rise in extreme right moods among European electors. At the same time those elections outlined
the deepening the split inside the family of extreme right parties and demonstrated the presence of insuperable (at
least at this stage) contradictions in associated political forces.
Keywords: Right radicalism, extreme right parties, anti-immigration parties, European Parliament, European Alliance for Freedom, National Front, Jobbik, Lega Nord, Sweden Democrats, Neo-Nazism.
New EFD Group formed in the European Parliament [Elektronnyy resurs]. URL: http://www.ukip.org/new_efd_group_formed_in_european_parliament_we_will_be_the_peoples_voice_says_ukip_leader_nigel_farage (data obrashcheniya: 23.06.2014).
Press Conference: Aftermath of the elections, a future for the EU or a future for Europe? [Elektronnyy resurs]. URL: http://www.eurallfree.org/?q=node/1574 (data obrashcheniya: 15.08.2014).
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http://www.policy-network.net/pno_detail.aspx?ID=4572&item=The-%E2%80%98Le-Pen-Wilders-alliance-will-change-European-politics (data obrashcheniya: 15.08.2014).
Right Response. Understanding and Countering Populist Extremism in Europe [Elektronnyy resurs]. URL: http://www.chathamhouse.org/sites/files/chathamhouse/r0911_goodwin.pdf (data obrashcheniya: 15.08.2014).
Art D. The European Radical Right in Comparative-Historical Perspective [Elektronnyy resurs]. URL: http://ase.tufts.edu/polsci/faculty/art/europe
M.Y. Ostrogorskiy on the role of the parties
in a democratic state:
on the issue of constitutionalizing institutions
// Politics and Society. – 2014. – ¹ 7.
– P. 804-814.
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Abstract: In this article based upon the analysis of the ideas of a merited Russian scientist of early XX century
M.Y. Ostrogorskiy on the role of the parties in the political mechanism of a constitutional state the author shows the
failure of the idea of automatic application of political and economic institutions, which are adopted by reception, although
this idea is popular among the Russian leaders. In fact, for a successful implementation of any institution in
the modern state, it has to be constituionalized, that is, it has to be harmonized with the archetypes of the constitutional
legal conscience – freedom and justice. This study is based upon the use of method of unity of historical and logical
matters, and upon the idea of raising from the abstract to the specifi c. Reception of democratic institutions (party
pluralism, separation of powers, universal election right, etc.) is necessary but not in itself suffi cient condition for constituionalization
of the Russian government. The functioning of democratic political mechanism is impossible without
implementation of basic constitutional archetypes into the legal conscience of the elite and the people. And the latter
is not possible without a public consensus regarding the fundamental values and goals of development of the state.
Keywords: M.Y. Ostrogorskiy, constitutionalism, state, political party, political system, democracy, human rights, ruling elite, legal conscience, institution.
Ostrogorskiy M.Ya. Demokratiya i politicheskie partii. M.: Rossiyskaya politicheskaya entsiklopediya (ROSSPEN), 2010
Laserson M.M. The American Impact on Russia – Diplomatic and Ideological – 1784 – 1917. New York, 1950
Lipset S.M. Moisei Ostrogorsky and the Analytical Approach to the Comparative Study of Political Parties// Lipset S.M. Revolution and Counterrevolution: Change and Persistence in Social Structure. New York, 1968.
Kochetkov V.V. Russkie tsennosti i rossiyskaya Konstitutsiya 1993 goda // Pravo i politika.-2013.-13.-C. 1855-1865. DOI: 10.7256/1811-9018.2013.13.9736.
A. V. Boyarskikh. Kraevye politicheskie partii i regional'nye obshchestvennye dvizheniya v kontekste grazhdanskogo obshchestva Tyumenskogo kraya. // Natsional'naya bezopasnost' / nota bene.-2011.-¹ 2.-C. 0-0.
S. V. Voronkova. Opredelenie perspektiv ekonomicheskoy i sotsial'no-politicheskoy modernizatsii v programmnykh dokumentakh politicheskikh partiy Rossi v nachale KhKh veka.. // Istoricheskiy zhurnal: nauchnye
Vodopetov, S. V..
The Role of Elites in the Political Decision
// Politics and Society. – 2014. – ¹ 3.
– P. 336-341.
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Abstract: Political ethics is one of the most important concepts lying in the basis of understanding of the state structure
and relations between the state mechanism and social structure. Observance of the principles of moral policy
gives us an insight into what lies in the basis of actions performed by these or those political actors. Political ethics
is a topical issue because it deals with the relations between people who have opposite interests but who can still
get along based on the principles of ‘the good or justice’. When analyzing different models of the state policy formation,
the author underlines the degree of openness of the process and the nature of mutual relations between the
state institution and civic institutions. Conclusion: at the present time there is no single or universal decision making
institution in the Russian Federation. Modernization requires new decisions. It is important to take into account
that today’s government often faces a situation when it cannot formulate the request for change. The same situation
happened when the economic crisis began and only half a year later adequate measures were undertaken.
Keywords: political science, elite, ethics, interests, social institution, behavior, morals, decision making, regulators, democracy.
V.I. Burenko Politicheskii klass sovremennoi Rossii v kontekste instrumental'nogo podkhoda // Pravo i politika.-2013.-4.-C. 469-472. DOI: 10.7256/1811-9018.2013.04.3.
G. L. Akopov Politicheskie elity Rossii i internet-soobshchestvo: voprosy vzaimodeistviya // Politika i Obshchestvo.-2011.-7.-C. 12-21.
V.V. Kochetkov Rossiiskaya elitologiya: nauka ili ideologiya? // Politika i Obshchestvo.-2013.-4.-C. 515-525. DOI: 10.7256/1812-8696.2013.04.18.
E.V. Kopaeva. Gubernator i regional'nyi parlament: bor'ba za vlast' v kontekste transformatsii (sluchai Ivanovskoi oblasti). // Politika i Obshchestvo.-2011.-¹ 10.-C. 15-21.
A. V. Voitov, A. P. Galkin. Rol' institutov grazhdanskogo obshchestva v rekrutirovanii politicheskikh elit v Nizhnevolzhskom regione. // Politika i Obshchestvo.-2011.-¹ 4.
Volkov M.S.. Pravyashchaya elita Ispanii v gody konsolidatsii demokratii. // Politika i Obshchestvo.-2013.-¹ 10.-C. 1302-1313. DOI: .10.7256/1812-8696.2013.10.986
Prokof'ev A. V. Mesto i kharakter mo
Rybakova, O. B..
Religious Aspect of Legitimation
// Politics and Society. – 2014. – ¹ 1.
– P. 40-46.
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Abstract: The article is devoted to the concept of legitimation of power from the point of view of personal commitment to the existing
regime. To explain and justify the elements of the institutional tradition, Peter Berger and Thomas Luckmann offer to view
legitimation in terms of its cognitive and regulatory components which, as the author of the article states, points out that legitimation
also deals with the basic (cognitive and regulatory) functions of religion and therefore directly relates to and depends
on the ‘superior reality’ (Talcott Parsons). Based on the classical research of social terms carried out by Emile Benveniste, the
author of the article analyzes the semantic meaning of the terms ‘power’, ‘authority’, ‘trust’ and ‘commitment’ in terms of their
relation to legitimation. At the end of the article the author concludes that all social terms that have been studied by sociologists
and comprise the process of legitimation have roots in religion and relate to religious perception of the world as well as religious
vertical relations (between people and God) even more than horizontal religious relations (between people themselves).
This proves the above mentioned thesis made by Talcott Parsons. However, while the religious nature of legitimation of theocratic
and monarchical regimes seems quite obvious, democratic processes happening under the conditions of social secularism
challenge the researchers to conduct a more depth-in research of the motivational aspect of legitimation.
Keywords: legitimation, confession, power, authority, trust, personal commitment, motivation, cognitive aspect of legitimation, regulatory aspect of legitimation, religious aspect of legitimation.
Benvenist E. Slovar' indoevropeyskikh sotsial'nykh terminov. M.: Progress-Univers, 1995
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Veber M. Osnovnye sotsiologicheskie ponyatiya. / Izbrannye proizvedeniya. M.: Progress, 1990.
Zavershinskiy K.F. Legitimnost': genezis, stanovlenie i razvitie kontsepta // POLIS (Politicheskie issledovaniya). 2001. ¹ 2.
Il'in M.V. Slova i smysly. Opyt opisaniya klyuchevykh politicheskikh ponyatiy. M.: 1997.
Makarenko V.P. Ortodoksal'nyy konsensus ili poiskovaya kritika: na puti k teorii poteryannogo raya. // Zhurnal «Politicheskaya kontseptologiya» ¹ 1, 2010
Ostrovskaya-ml. E.A. Religioznaya model' obshchestva: Sotsiologicheskie aspekty institutsionalizatsii traditsionnykh religioznykh ideologiy. SPb.: Izd-vo S.-Peterb. un-ta, 2005.
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Volkov, M. S..
Ruling Elite of Spain During the Years
of Democracy Consolidation
// Politics and Society. – 2013. – ¹ 10.
– P. 1302-1313.
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Abstract: The article is devoted to studying social characteristics of Spain ruling elite at late 1970’s – 1990’s when the
Spain socialistic workers’ party was governing. Spanish researchers describe those times as the period of democracy
consolidation. Based on massive biography data, the author analyzes members of Spanish ruling elite according to the
main social characteristics such as place of birth, age, education and career. The author of the article makes an attempt
to defi ne how radical social and political transformations were after the failure of Francisco Franco’s government and
how it infl uenced the process of renewal of the ruling elite of Spain. The author of the article also views the policy undertaken
by socialists in relation to state government and army leadership of the country. The author also describes the role
of the new ruling elite, their competence and effi ciency.
Keywords: elite, Spain, social characteristics, democracy, socialists, Cortes, ministers, state government, general offi - cers, Integrated Standby Instrument Systems.
Volkov M.S. Ispanskaya politicheskaya elita perioda pravleniya Franko // Istoricheskiy zhurnal: nauchnye issledovaniya, 2013, ¹ 2(14).
Volkova G.I., Dement'ev A.V. Politicheskaya istoriya Ispanii. M., 2005.
Danilevich I.V. Ispytanie vlast'yu: Ispanskaya sotsialisticheskaya rabo¬chaya partiya v 80-e gody. M., 1991.
Ponedelko G.N. Gosudarstvo v ekonomike Ispanii: vzglyad v proshloe i so¬vremennost'. M., 1989.
Sovremennaya Ispaniya. Otv. red. V.V.Zagladin. M.,1983.
Khenkin S.M. Ispaniya posle diktatury. Sotsial'no-politicheskie problemy perekhoda k demokratii. M., «Nauka», 1993.
Campo del S. Social Stratification and Inequality in Spain: The State of the Art // Changing Structures of Inequality: A Comparative Perspective. Quebec, 2003.
Campo del S., Tezanos J.F., Santin W. The Spanish Political Elite: Permanence and Change // Does who governs matter? Elite circulation in contemporary societies, Ed. by Czudnowski M.M. Dekalb (IL), Northern Illinois University Press, 1982.