British experience of prophylactics of offences with the mounted police divisions
// Police activity. – 2014. – є 4.
– P. 363-369.
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Abstract: the object of studies involves a combination of conceptual issues within the institution
of mounted police of the Great Britain: history of its formation, main goals and
functions of the mounted police divisions, professional requirements to the staff of these
police divisions and the conditions for joining the service, education and training of an officer
of mounted police division and training the horses. In addition the article points out
specific attitude of the English society to the mounted police division, which is reflected in
the practice of the British courts regarding the offenders attacking mounted policemen and
their horses. One of the aspects of study in this article involves the problems of funding the
mounted police divisions in the modern conditions and possible ways out of the situation
threatening with the abolition of this type of police in many modern states. Methodology of
the study involves a combination of methods: historical, sociological, comparative legal,
formal logic, induction and deduction, practical analysis of administrative and criminal
cases regarding activities of the mounted police in the Great Britain. Scientific novelty
is due, firstly, to the modern consecutive historical analysis of the institution of mounted
police divisions of the Great Britain from the moment of its formation in 1976 and to our
days. Secondly, the materials on the modern functional purposes of the mounted police in
the new conditions, training of officers and horses for the service in this division are quite
novel as well. Thirdly, novelty is involved in the analysis of the latest problems regarding
funding and preservation of this type of police, causing on one hand the state measures
for limiting such police formation, and on the other hand active opposition of the general
public to the processes of dissolution of mounted police and liquidation of police horses,
showing its significant input into preservation of the public order and lawfulness.
Keywords: mounted police of the Great Britain, history, goals, functions, priorities of a mounted policeman, requirements to candidates, judicial practice, modern problems, support of the general public, perspectives.
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