International legal instruments of UNESCO Ц the basis for formation of national legislation of digital objects of cultural heritage: on the example of virtual museums
// International Law and International Organizations. – 2016. – є 2.
– P. 200-207.
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This article draws attention to the fact that due to the scale and dynamism of the flowing of political and legal processes in Russia, as well as development of the information technology, information systems, and telecommunications networks, including the Internet, the nature and practice of cultural institutions is changing. Today's digital formats increase their importance in the global information space. Special attention is given to the virtual museums as objects of world cultural virtual environment, which hold a worthy place in the global information society. The author shows the role of the state as guarantor of the legislative framework in the development and promotion of digital cultural heritage including virtual museums, both nationally and internationally. In this article the author puts the emphasis on the importance of international legal instruments of UNESCO as a foundation for formation on the normative legal acts of the Russian legislation in the sphere of preservation, availability, and information security of the digital heritage in general, and digital cultural heritage of the Russian Federation in particular. As conclusions the author draws the attention of legal scholars and experts to the following issues: absence of national legislation and legal regulation in the sphere of preservation and conservation of digital cultural heritage in general and the virtual museum in particular; legal definitions; technical regulations; national and international standards for digital cultural heritage.
Keywords: UNESCO, Digital heritage, Digital heritage, Virtual museum, Information society, Russian Federation, International legislation, National legislation, Legal definitions, Information security
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Organizatsiya Ob'edinennykh Natsi
On the issue of procedural bases for the activities
of the specialized UN Agencies
// International Law and International Organizations. – 2013. – є 4.
– P. 550-559.
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Abstract: This article concerns history of formation and procedural fundamentals of the activities of the specialized
institutions (agencies) of the UNO. The author describes institutional provisions for the specialized UN
institutions, regulating their plenary, executive and subsidiary bodies, as well as the most significant conditions
for decision-making in each of the specialized UN institutions. The author analyzes specific procedural provisions
regulating the decision-making practice on various issues in the sphere of competence of such UN institutions. The
author applies the methods of comparative legal studies, procedural modeling, procedural schemes (the schemes
are not included into the article). Any procedure is aimed at making certain decisions. Therefore, it would be viable
to classify the decisions and decision-making subjects, rather than dividing the procedures into decision-making
and other procedures. Then one could state that both the procedural norms and functions and structures of the
bodies predefine the decision-making practice and influence the nature of these decisions.
Keywords: the UNO, specialized institutions, procedural rules, Secretariat, plenary bodies, executive bodies, subsidiary bodies, the ITU, the UNESCO, the ILO.
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The activities of the World Bank in the sphere of global dissemination of knowledge
and technologies: law and practice.
// International Law and International Organizations. – 2012. – є 3.
– P. 83-97.
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Abstract: The article is devoted to the study of the functions of the World Bank as a Уbank of knowledgeФ. Much attention
is paid to the policy of open access to the offi cial publications, which form the legal basis for the further reforms
in the Bank towards its more open and effi cient activities. The author accents the input of the World Bank into
the guarantees of all-inclusive and effi cient implementation of rights and freedoms of people, as relevant to the
scientifi c and technological progress.
Keywords: international law, knowledge, globalization, cooperation, effi ciency, progress, science, openness, information.
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