Regulation of Student Courses in Universities of the Russian Empire in the Second Half of the 19th – Beginning of the 20th Centuries
// History magazine - researches. – 2018. – ¹ 1.
– P. 92-105.
Read the article
Abstract: The subject of this article is the process of modifying the control of student courses in Russian universities during the second half of the 19th - beginning of the 20th centuries. Regulation of students’ lessons is one of the most important aspects of going through a university, which is why changes in the university system always affected student exams. A significant role in the penetration of one or another examination procedure was played by initiatives of universities, which the Ministry if not supported, at least considered, and consequently could introduce into practice of university life. The article's research is based, first of all, on the use of the comparative-historical method and is also founded on the principles of historicism and objectivity. The novelty of this study lies in that the author considers the gradual change in regulating the studies of students in Russian imperial universities during the second half of the 19th - beginning of the 20th century in terms of the particular characteristics of the educational institutions and the general direction of the state's educational policy. This was a unique kind of instrument for influencing both students and university corporations, which were either given the opportunity to decide independently the issue of controlling student courses or deprived of such an opportunity. This was due to fluctuations in the educational policy of the Ministry of Education.
Keywords: Russian Empire, Ministry of Public Education, examinations, grade scale, tests, semester test, subject system of education, education reforms, state regulation, natural science departments
TsGIA SPb, f. 14, op. 1, d. 9496.
Tsirkulyarnoe predlozhenie gg. popechitelyam uchebnykh okrugov ob obyazatel'nosti dlya studentov universiteta davat' otvety na ekzamenakh stoya // ZhMNP, 1887, t. 252, iyul', s. 36.
TsGIA SPb, f. 14, op. 1, d. 6557.
TsGIA SPb, f. 14, op. 1, d. 7552.
Tsentral'nyy gosudarstvennyy istoricheskiy arkhiv Sankt-Peterburga (TsGIA SPb), f. 14, op. 1, d. 5478.
TsAGM, f. 418, op. 54, d. 56, t. 2.
TsGIA SPb, f. 14, op. 1, d. 6406.
TsAGM, f. 418, op. 29, d. 653.
TsAGM, f. 418, op. 28, d. 78.
TsAGM, f. 418, op. 31, d. 864.
TsAGM, f. 418, op. 54, d. 56, t. 1.
Universitet dlya Rossii. T. 4. Moskovskiy universitet v nikolaevskuyu epokhu / Pod red. F.A. Petrova, V.V. Ponomarevoy, L.B. Khoroshilovoy. M.: Izd. MGU, 2012. 397 s.
Tsentral'nyy arkhiv goroda Moskvy (TsAGM), f. 418, op.30, d.88.
Universitet dlya Rossii. T. 2. Moskovskiy universitet v aleksandrovskuyu epokhu. / Pod red. V.V. Ponomarevoy, L.B. Khoroshilovoy. M.: Russkoe slovo, 2001. 366 s.
Rozhdestvenskiy S.V. Istoricheskiy obzor deyat