The effects of nature and sociality as sources of technology, as well as the synthesis of engineering and technology in modernity
// Philosophy and Culture. – 2023. – є 2.
– P. 1-11.
Read the article
Abstract: The article offers a new interpretation of the technique and its evolution. The ideas about the technique of Aristotle, F. Bacon, P. Engelmeir, N.Berdyaev are analyzed, as well as the understanding of nature, on the basis of which the technique is comprehended and conceptualized. The author's hypothesis is that it is necessary to distinguish between two fundamentally different understandings of technology and the lines of its development: one, where technology is understood as engineering and conceptualized within the framework of the first nature, and the other, technology as technology, conceptualized within the framework of the idea of the second nature. In addition, the author shows that in the twentieth century there is a convergence of both lines of technology development, entailing a synthesis of engineering and technology. The atomic project is given as an illustration. On the basis of the proposed ideas, an explanation of the peculiar explosion of the development of technology in the XIX and XX centuries and the emergence of technoprime is outlined. To analyze the features of the second nature, the work of Dmitry Efremenko is considered, who suggests the genesis of megamachines, distinguishing between their two main types and outlining the third. Another component of the second nature is technology, in which, in addition to the sequence of operations and the conditions that ensure them, the author highlights the division of labor, attitudes to economy, standardization and quality of products, research and optimization or restructuring of production activities. In conclusion, the article points out three consequences of the synthesis of engineering and technology, as well as the crisis of technology in modernity: the need to revise ideas about nature, technology and the modern project, as well as the importance of studying the second nature.
Keywords: technique, science, technology, nature, engineering, synthesis, convergence, activity, environment, megamachine
Aristotle, (1934). Metaphysics. M.: Thought, M.-L.: Sotsekgiz.
Berdyaev, N. (1933). Man and machine (the problem of sociology and metaphysics of technology). Moscow: Way. No. 38.
Bacon, F. (1935). New organon. Moscow: OGIZ-SOTSEKGIZ.
Bacon, F. (1971). The Great Recovery of Sciences. T.1. M.: Thought.
Efremenko, D.V. (2012). Technology in the political dimension: From megamachines to nanorobots et vice versa. Political expertise: Politex. 2012. No. 4.
Kudrin, B.I., Rozin, V.M. (2005). Conversation between a technologist and a humanist on the Lena-Moscow train about the philosophy of technology and not only about it. Moscow: Elektrika; Tomsk: Ed. TSU. http://www.kudrinbi.ru/public/10619/index.htm
Rozin, V.M. (2006). The concept and modern concepts of technology. Moscow: IF RAN.
Rozin, V.M. (2016). The nature of sociality: Problems of methodology and ontology of social sciences. Moscow: LENAND.
Rozin, V.M. (2016). Technique and technology: from stone tools to the Internet and robo